The impact of language on the equivalence of trail making tests: Findings from three pediatric cohorts with different language dominance

Nancy Mok, Lucia Tsang, Tatia M.C. Lee, Antolin Llorente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of different language backgrounds on performance and the functional equivalence of trail making tests were examined. The children's version of the Trail Making Test A and B (TMT) and the Children's Color Trails Test 1 and 2 (CCTT) were employed with right-handed (n=79) participants. Children were classified into three groups according to language proficiency: Chinese dominant (CDL), Chinese-English bilinguals (CEB), and English dominant (EDL). In general, the CDL group exhibited the best performance on Children's Color Trails 1 and 2 and Trail Making Test A and B. In examining the functional equivalence of TMT and CCTT, both tests were influenced by language background and intelligence but not gender. The results suggest that language backgrounds do exert a modest effect on trail making tests and that diverging executive demands on CCTT 2 versus TMT B may impact their functional equivalence with different groups of participants. Therefore, caution should be exercised when comparing or replacing CCTT with TMT in children from different and diverging language backgrounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Neuropsychology
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

Fingerprint

Trail Making Test
Language
Pediatrics
Color
Trails
Language Dominance
Equivalence
Cohort
Intelligence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

@article{ba578a90dfa44626b16dd4ede5e8c1a9,
title = "The impact of language on the equivalence of trail making tests: Findings from three pediatric cohorts with different language dominance",
abstract = "The effect of different language backgrounds on performance and the functional equivalence of trail making tests were examined. The children's version of the Trail Making Test A and B (TMT) and the Children's Color Trails Test 1 and 2 (CCTT) were employed with right-handed (n=79) participants. Children were classified into three groups according to language proficiency: Chinese dominant (CDL), Chinese-English bilinguals (CEB), and English dominant (EDL). In general, the CDL group exhibited the best performance on Children's Color Trails 1 and 2 and Trail Making Test A and B. In examining the functional equivalence of TMT and CCTT, both tests were influenced by language background and intelligence but not gender. The results suggest that language backgrounds do exert a modest effect on trail making tests and that diverging executive demands on CCTT 2 versus TMT B may impact their functional equivalence with different groups of participants. Therefore, caution should be exercised when comparing or replacing CCTT with TMT in children from different and diverging language backgrounds.",
author = "Nancy Mok and Lucia Tsang and Lee, {Tatia M.C.} and Antolin Llorente",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/09084280802083962",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "123--130",
journal = "Applied neuropsychology. Adult",
issn = "2327-9095",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis",
number = "2",

}

The impact of language on the equivalence of trail making tests : Findings from three pediatric cohorts with different language dominance. / Mok, Nancy; Tsang, Lucia; Lee, Tatia M.C.; Llorente, Antolin.

In: Applied Neuropsychology, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.04.2008, p. 123-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of language on the equivalence of trail making tests

T2 - Findings from three pediatric cohorts with different language dominance

AU - Mok, Nancy

AU - Tsang, Lucia

AU - Lee, Tatia M.C.

AU - Llorente, Antolin

PY - 2008/4/1

Y1 - 2008/4/1

N2 - The effect of different language backgrounds on performance and the functional equivalence of trail making tests were examined. The children's version of the Trail Making Test A and B (TMT) and the Children's Color Trails Test 1 and 2 (CCTT) were employed with right-handed (n=79) participants. Children were classified into three groups according to language proficiency: Chinese dominant (CDL), Chinese-English bilinguals (CEB), and English dominant (EDL). In general, the CDL group exhibited the best performance on Children's Color Trails 1 and 2 and Trail Making Test A and B. In examining the functional equivalence of TMT and CCTT, both tests were influenced by language background and intelligence but not gender. The results suggest that language backgrounds do exert a modest effect on trail making tests and that diverging executive demands on CCTT 2 versus TMT B may impact their functional equivalence with different groups of participants. Therefore, caution should be exercised when comparing or replacing CCTT with TMT in children from different and diverging language backgrounds.

AB - The effect of different language backgrounds on performance and the functional equivalence of trail making tests were examined. The children's version of the Trail Making Test A and B (TMT) and the Children's Color Trails Test 1 and 2 (CCTT) were employed with right-handed (n=79) participants. Children were classified into three groups according to language proficiency: Chinese dominant (CDL), Chinese-English bilinguals (CEB), and English dominant (EDL). In general, the CDL group exhibited the best performance on Children's Color Trails 1 and 2 and Trail Making Test A and B. In examining the functional equivalence of TMT and CCTT, both tests were influenced by language background and intelligence but not gender. The results suggest that language backgrounds do exert a modest effect on trail making tests and that diverging executive demands on CCTT 2 versus TMT B may impact their functional equivalence with different groups of participants. Therefore, caution should be exercised when comparing or replacing CCTT with TMT in children from different and diverging language backgrounds.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=45849107283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=45849107283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09084280802083962

DO - 10.1080/09084280802083962

M3 - Article

C2 - 18568605

AN - SCOPUS:45849107283

VL - 15

SP - 123

EP - 130

JO - Applied neuropsychology. Adult

JF - Applied neuropsychology. Adult

SN - 2327-9095

IS - 2

ER -