The impact of marijuana policies on youth: Clinical, research, and legal update

Seth Ammerman, Sheryl Ryan, William P. Adelman, Sharon Levy, Seth D. Ammerman, Pamela K. Gonzalez, Sheryl A. Ryan, Lorena M. Siqueira, Vincent C. Smith, Vivian B. Faden, Gregory Tau, James Baumberger, Katie Crumley, Renee Jarrett, Paula K. Braverman, Elizabeth Meller Alderman, Cora C. Breuner, David A. Levine, Arik V. Marcell, Rebecca Flynn O'BrienMargo Lane, Benjamin Shain, Julie Strickland, Lauren B. Zapata, Karen S. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This technical report updates the 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics technical report on the legalization of marijuana. Current epidemiology of marijuana use is presented, as are definitions and biology of marijuana compounds, side effects of marijuana use, and effects of use on adolescent brain development. Issues concerning medical marijuana specifically are also addressed. Concerning legalization of marijuana, 4 different approaches in the United States are discussed: legalization of marijuana solely for medical purposes, decriminalization of recreational use of marijuana, legalization of recreational use of marijuana, and criminal prosecution of recreational (and medical) use of marijuana. These approaches are compared, and the latest available data are presented to aid in forming public policy. The effects on youth of criminal penalties for marijuana use and possession are also addressed, as are the effects or potential effects of the other 3 policy approaches on adolescent marijuana use. Recommendations are included in the accompanying policy statement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e769-e785
JournalPediatrics
Volume135
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Ammerman, S., Ryan, S., Adelman, W. P., Levy, S., Ammerman, S. D., Gonzalez, P. K., Ryan, S. A., Siqueira, L. M., Smith, V. C., Faden, V. B., Tau, G., Baumberger, J., Crumley, K., Jarrett, R., Braverman, P. K., Alderman, E. M., Breuner, C. C., Levine, D. A., Marcell, A. V., ... Smith, K. S. (2015). The impact of marijuana policies on youth: Clinical, research, and legal update. Pediatrics, 135(3), e769-e785. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-4147