Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) were used to identify the mechanisms that lead to differences in the mechanical behavior of formulations of polypropylene blended with maleated polypropylene (MAPP) copolymers. MAPP lowered the melting temperature of PP indicating that less stable crystals were formed possibly because of cocrystallization of PP and MAPP. Crystallization kinetics revealed that copolymers do not change the rate of crystal growth, but may retard nucleation leading to a more spherulitic morphology. The dynamic storage modulus slightly increased in the glassy region with the small addition amounts of MAPP, while mechanical dampening systematically decreased with MAPP addition. An analysis of the viscoelastic behavior did not reveal any real differences in molecular coupling around the β-transition of PP with the addition of the MAPP copolymer. At low addition levels, MAPP does not appear to have a significant impact on the viscoelastic properties of the polymer blend.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry