The Impact of Prestige Orientation on Shadow Education in South Korea

Soojeong Lee, Roger C. Shouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Widespread use of "shadow education," is a major policy issue in East Asia, especially South Korea, where officials view it as harmful to educational and fiscal equity. Although previous research emphasizes functional explanations, this study takes an institutional approach, exploring how students' desire for prestigious matriculation influences their parents' spending on shadow education. It is around that that "prestige orientation" (1) significantly predicts parent spending, especially among students of lower socioeconomic status, and (2) yields strong impact among students with the least likelihood of prestigious matriculation. Such findings indicate that Korean shadow education serves purposes that are as much symbolic as instrumental.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-224
Number of pages13
JournalSociology of Education
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

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