Biofouling of glass and quartz surfaces can be reduced when the surface is coated with photocatalytically active metal oxides, such as TiO2 (anatase form) or SnO2. We measured the attachment of eight strains of bacteria to these two metal oxides (TiO2 and SnO2), and to an uncoated glass (control; designated Si-m) before and after exposure to UV light at wavelengths of 254 nm (UVC) or 340 nm UV (UVA). TiO2-coated surfaces were photocatalytically active at both 254 and 340 nm as evidenced by a decrease in the water contact angle of the surface from 59° ± 2 to <5°. The water contact angle of the SnO2 surface was reduced only at 254 nm, while contact angle of the Si-m glass surface was not altered by light of either wavelength. Bacterial adhesion decreased by 10-50% to photocatalyzed glass surfaces. In all cases, bacteria exposed to the UV light were completely killed due to a combination of exposure to UV light and the photocatalytic activity of the glass surfaces. These results show that UV light irradiation of TiO2-coated surfaces can be an effective method of reducing bacterial adhesion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry