The impact of validating and invalidating responses on emotional reactivity

Chad E. Shenk, Alan E. Fruzzetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Along with individual factors, such as emotional reactivity and regulatory skill, a biosocial perspective of emotion regulation incorporates social factors, such as parent-child or romantic partner interactions, as key determinants of psychological outcomnt-child or romantic partner interactions, as key determinants of psychological outcomes. Consistent with this perspective, the current study tested whether two social factors, validating and invalidating responses, influenced affective and physiological reactions to stress while accounting for individual skill in regulating emotions. Hierarchical linear modeling demonstrated that participants exposed to invalidating responses experienced significantly higher levels of negative affect, heart rate, and skin conductance over time when compared to participants exposed to validating responses. Results are discussed as support for models incorporating social factors as key determinants of individ 48ual emotional reactivity and regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-183
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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