The Impact of Weight Labels on Body Image, Internalized Weight Stigma, Affect, Perceived Health, and Intended Weight Loss Behaviors in Normal-Weight and Overweight College Women

Jamal Essayli, Jessica M. Murakami, Rebecca E. Wilson, Janet D. Latner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To explore the psychological impact of weight labels. Design: A double-blind experiment that randomly informed participants that they were "normal weight" or "overweight." Setting: Public university in Honolulu, Hawai'i. Participants: Normal-weight and overweight female undergraduates (N = 113). Measures: The Body Image States Scale, Stunkard Rating Scale, Weight Bias Internalization Scale, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, General Health question from the 12-item Short Form Health Survey, modified version of the Weight Loss Methods Scale, and a manipulation check. Analysis: A 2 × 2 between-subjects analysis of variance explored the main effects of the assigned weight label and actual weight and interactions between assigned weight label and actual weight. Results: Significant main effects of the assigned weight label emerged on measures of body dissatisfaction, F(1, 109) = 12.40, p =.001, η p 2 = 0.10, internalized weight stigma, F(1, 108) = 4.35, p =.039, η p 2 =.04, and negative affect, F(1, 108) = 9.22, p =.003, η p 2 =.08. Significant assigned weight label × actual weight interactions were found on measures of perceived body image, F(1, 109) = 6.29, p =.014, η p 2 =.06, and perceived health, F(1, 109) = 4.18, p =.043, η p 2 =.04. Conclusion: A weight label of "overweight" may have negative psychological consequences, particularly for overweight women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-490
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

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body image
Body Image
Weight Loss
Weights and Measures
Health
health
psychological consequences
internalization
rating scale
interaction
analysis of variance
manipulation
university
experiment
trend
Psychology
Body Weights and Measures
Health Surveys
varespladib methyl
Analysis of Variance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{8312b2112ad94eb4aae3c74191f23c10,
title = "The Impact of Weight Labels on Body Image, Internalized Weight Stigma, Affect, Perceived Health, and Intended Weight Loss Behaviors in Normal-Weight and Overweight College Women",
abstract = "Purpose: To explore the psychological impact of weight labels. Design: A double-blind experiment that randomly informed participants that they were {"}normal weight{"} or {"}overweight.{"} Setting: Public university in Honolulu, Hawai'i. Participants: Normal-weight and overweight female undergraduates (N = 113). Measures: The Body Image States Scale, Stunkard Rating Scale, Weight Bias Internalization Scale, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, General Health question from the 12-item Short Form Health Survey, modified version of the Weight Loss Methods Scale, and a manipulation check. Analysis: A 2 × 2 between-subjects analysis of variance explored the main effects of the assigned weight label and actual weight and interactions between assigned weight label and actual weight. Results: Significant main effects of the assigned weight label emerged on measures of body dissatisfaction, F(1, 109) = 12.40, p =.001, η p 2 = 0.10, internalized weight stigma, F(1, 108) = 4.35, p =.039, η p 2 =.04, and negative affect, F(1, 108) = 9.22, p =.003, η p 2 =.08. Significant assigned weight label × actual weight interactions were found on measures of perceived body image, F(1, 109) = 6.29, p =.014, η p 2 =.06, and perceived health, F(1, 109) = 4.18, p =.043, η p 2 =.04. Conclusion: A weight label of {"}overweight{"} may have negative psychological consequences, particularly for overweight women.",
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The Impact of Weight Labels on Body Image, Internalized Weight Stigma, Affect, Perceived Health, and Intended Weight Loss Behaviors in Normal-Weight and Overweight College Women. / Essayli, Jamal; Murakami, Jessica M.; Wilson, Rebecca E.; Latner, Janet D.

In: American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 31, No. 6, 01.11.2017, p. 484-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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