The influence of future certainty and contextual factors on delinquent behavior and school adjustment among African American adolescents

Roslyn M. Caldwell, Richard P. Wiebe, H. Harrington Cleveland

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the ability of future certainty-an individual's perception of future stability, operationalized as the likelihood of certain life outcomes-to explain variance in delinquency and school adjustment, while controlling for economic, neighborhood, and family factors, among a cross-sectional sample of 1422 male and 1562 female African American adolescents drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Three kinds of future certainty were examined: future life certainty (e.g., life expectancy), marriage certainty, and college certainty. In hierarchical multiple regression analyses, future certainty and family functioning were stronger predictors than economic and neighborhood variables: neighborhood disorganization and family socioeconomic status. Future life certainty and expectations of attending college were stronger predictors of delinquency among males than females. Marriage certainty was the weakest predictor of the three certainty variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-602
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of youth and adolescence
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

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Social Adjustment
African Americans
adolescent
Marriage
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Economics
school
Aptitude
delinquency
Life Expectancy
Social Class
marriage
Regression Analysis
Health
life expectancy
health
economics
American
social status
longitudinal study

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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The influence of future certainty and contextual factors on delinquent behavior and school adjustment among African American adolescents. / Caldwell, Roslyn M.; Wiebe, Richard P.; Cleveland, H. Harrington.

In: Journal of youth and adolescence, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.08.2006, p. 591-602.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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