We describe a process by which we sought to determine how the addition of intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IONM) impacted the management of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during pediatric cardiac surgery. While maintaining a consistent team of surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses, and perfusionists, a multi-modal, IONM program was established consisting of Near Infrared Spectroscopy, Transcranial Doppler, and eight channel electroencephalography. A retrospective review of cases from 1 year before the institution of the IONM program was compared with data obtained from cases performed after neurophysiologic monitoring was established as a standard of care for pediatric patients on CPB. This comparative analysis of CPB management revealed a significant increase in the use of donor blood added to the CPB circuit prime as well as in the maintenance of a higher hematocrit during the bypass period after the implementation of IONM. These changes in the management of pediatric CPB correlated with recommendations of previous studies that examined postoperative neurophysiologic outcomes, suggesting that these changes were not only consistent with best practices, but that the presence of IONM data facilitated a transition to evidence-based practice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering