The influence of obesity on falls and quality of life

Cecilie Fjeldstad, Anette S. Fjeldstad, Luke S. Acree, Kevin J. Nickel, Andrew Gardner

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Abstract

Objective. To determine (1) whether obese older adults had higher prevalence of falls and ambulatory stumbling, impaired balance and lower health-related quality of life (HRQL) than their normal weight counterparts, and (2) whether the falls and balance measures were associated with HRQL in obese adults. Methods. Subjects who had a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 kg/m2 were classified into an obese group (n = 128) while those with BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 kg/m2 were included into a normal weight group (n = 88). Functional tests were performed to assess balance, and questionnaires were administered to assess history of falls, ambulatory stumbling, and HRQL. Results. The obese group reported a higher prevalence of falls (27% vs. 15%), and ambulatory stumbling (32% vs. 14%) than the normal weight group. Furthermore, the obese group had lower HRQL, (p ≤ 0.05) for physical function (63 ± 27 vs. 75 ± 26; mean ± SD), role-physical (59 ± 40 vs. 74 ± 37), vitality (58 ± 23 vs. 66 ± 20), bodily pain (62 ± 25 vs. 74 ± 21) and general health (64 ± 19 vs. 70 ± 18). In the obese group, a history of falls was related (p ≤ 0.05) to lower scores in 4 domains of HRQL, and ambulatory stumbling was related (p ≤ 0.01) to 7 domains. Conclusion. In middle-aged and older adults, obesity was associated with a higher prevalence of falls and stumbling during ambulation, as well as lower values in multiple domains of HRQL. Furthermore, a history of falls and ambulatory stumbling were related to lower measures of HRQL in obese adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4
JournalDynamic Medicine
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 14 2008

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Fjeldstad, C., Fjeldstad, A. S., Acree, L. S., Nickel, K. J., & Gardner, A. (2008). The influence of obesity on falls and quality of life. Dynamic Medicine, 7(1), [4]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-5918-7-4