The influence of polycaporolacton fumarate coating on mechanical properties and in vitro behavior of porous diopside-hardystonite nano-composite scaffold

Sorour Sadeghzade, Rahmatollah Emadi, Fariborz Tavangarian, Ali Doostmohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One of the significant challenges in bone tissue engineering is the fabrication of highly porous scaffolds with interconnected pores and appropriate mechanical properties. Artificial scaffolds which used in the field of medicine are usually made of single phase of polymer or ceramic. However, composition of these materials can produce the scaffolds with improve mechanical and biological properties.The aim of this study is to synthesize three-dimensional hardystonite-diopside (HT-Dio) porous scaffolds modified by polycaporolacton fumarate coating for low-load-bearing bone tissue engineering applications. The results showed that hardystonite scaffolds with 15 wt. % diopside and 6 w/v % polymer polycaporolacton fumarate (PCLF) had a significant bioactivity. The cell culture and cell attachment assay results revealed the well spreading of BMS cells on the surface of modified scaffolds which indicates the high biocompatibility of this scaffold. The modified scaffolds had a mean pore size, porosity, compressive strength, modules and toughness of 293.47 ± 5.51 μm, 74% ± 1.01, 3.37 ± 0.6 MPa, 151 ± 1.1 MPa and 31.3 ± 0.32 kJ/m3, respectively, which are in the appropriate range for spongy bone and hence can be a good candidate for bone tissue engineering applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103445
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume101
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

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Fumarates
Scaffolds (biology)
Bone
Coatings
Mechanical properties
Tissue engineering
Scaffolds
Composite materials
Polymers
Bearings (structural)
Bioactivity
Biocompatibility
Cell culture
Compressive strength
Toughness
Medicine
Pore size
Assays
Porosity
diopside

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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title = "The influence of polycaporolacton fumarate coating on mechanical properties and in vitro behavior of porous diopside-hardystonite nano-composite scaffold",
abstract = "One of the significant challenges in bone tissue engineering is the fabrication of highly porous scaffolds with interconnected pores and appropriate mechanical properties. Artificial scaffolds which used in the field of medicine are usually made of single phase of polymer or ceramic. However, composition of these materials can produce the scaffolds with improve mechanical and biological properties.The aim of this study is to synthesize three-dimensional hardystonite-diopside (HT-Dio) porous scaffolds modified by polycaporolacton fumarate coating for low-load-bearing bone tissue engineering applications. The results showed that hardystonite scaffolds with 15 wt. {\%} diopside and 6 w/v {\%} polymer polycaporolacton fumarate (PCLF) had a significant bioactivity. The cell culture and cell attachment assay results revealed the well spreading of BMS cells on the surface of modified scaffolds which indicates the high biocompatibility of this scaffold. The modified scaffolds had a mean pore size, porosity, compressive strength, modules and toughness of 293.47 ± 5.51 μm, 74{\%} ± 1.01, 3.37 ± 0.6 MPa, 151 ± 1.1 MPa and 31.3 ± 0.32 kJ/m3, respectively, which are in the appropriate range for spongy bone and hence can be a good candidate for bone tissue engineering applications.",
author = "Sorour Sadeghzade and Rahmatollah Emadi and Fariborz Tavangarian and Ali Doostmohammadi",
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AU - Tavangarian, Fariborz

AU - Doostmohammadi, Ali

PY - 2020/1/1

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AB - One of the significant challenges in bone tissue engineering is the fabrication of highly porous scaffolds with interconnected pores and appropriate mechanical properties. Artificial scaffolds which used in the field of medicine are usually made of single phase of polymer or ceramic. However, composition of these materials can produce the scaffolds with improve mechanical and biological properties.The aim of this study is to synthesize three-dimensional hardystonite-diopside (HT-Dio) porous scaffolds modified by polycaporolacton fumarate coating for low-load-bearing bone tissue engineering applications. The results showed that hardystonite scaffolds with 15 wt. % diopside and 6 w/v % polymer polycaporolacton fumarate (PCLF) had a significant bioactivity. The cell culture and cell attachment assay results revealed the well spreading of BMS cells on the surface of modified scaffolds which indicates the high biocompatibility of this scaffold. The modified scaffolds had a mean pore size, porosity, compressive strength, modules and toughness of 293.47 ± 5.51 μm, 74% ± 1.01, 3.37 ± 0.6 MPa, 151 ± 1.1 MPa and 31.3 ± 0.32 kJ/m3, respectively, which are in the appropriate range for spongy bone and hence can be a good candidate for bone tissue engineering applications.

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