One of the significant challenges in bone tissue engineering is the fabrication of highly porous scaffolds with interconnected pores and appropriate mechanical properties. Artificial scaffolds which used in the field of medicine are usually made of single phase of polymer or ceramic. However, composition of these materials can produce the scaffolds with improve mechanical and biological properties.The aim of this study is to synthesize three-dimensional hardystonite-diopside (HT-Dio) porous scaffolds modified by polycaporolacton fumarate coating for low-load-bearing bone tissue engineering applications. The results showed that hardystonite scaffolds with 15 wt. % diopside and 6 w/v % polymer polycaporolacton fumarate (PCLF) had a significant bioactivity. The cell culture and cell attachment assay results revealed the well spreading of BMS cells on the surface of modified scaffolds which indicates the high biocompatibility of this scaffold. The modified scaffolds had a mean pore size, porosity, compressive strength, modules and toughness of 293.47 ± 5.51 μm, 74% ± 1.01, 3.37 ± 0.6 MPa, 151 ± 1.1 MPa and 31.3 ± 0.32 kJ/m3, respectively, which are in the appropriate range for spongy bone and hence can be a good candidate for bone tissue engineering applications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials|
|State||Published - Jan 2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials