Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring is common during parathyroidectomy. We hypothesized that sample site (peripheral vs central vein) may impact IOPTH interpretation. Two hundred and one patients underwent curative parathyroidectomy for single-gland disease. IOPTH was drawn peripherally (PV) in 114 patients and centrally (CV, jugular vein) in 87 patients. Decrease from baseline IOPTH and the presence of a normal value at 10 and 15 minutes were determined. The slope of IOPTH decay was calculated. These data were compared between sample sites. Median baseline IOPTH was 268 pg/mL (CV) and 191 pg/mL (PV, P =. 003). The mean IOPTH decay slopes were -0.75 (PV) and -0.76 (CV, P = NS), and the mean percent IOPTH decrease at 10 minutes was 79% PV and 80% CV (P = NS). At 10 minutes, a ≥50% drop from baseline was seen in 94% (CV) versus 97% (PV) of patients (P = NS), resulting in a median IOPTH of 40 pg/mL (CV) versus 34 pg/mL (PV, P =. 09). By 15 minutes, the central IOPTH had decreased by ≥50% of baseline in 98% of patients (P = NS when compared to the 10-minute PV site). IOPTH kinetics are largely the same for PV and CV sample sites, but baseline values are higher with central sampling. Consequently, CV IOPTH levels are generally higher at 10 minutes, but this discrepancy resolves by 15 minutes. The surgeon utilizing CV samples may need to extend the sampling period.
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