The inheritance of resistance to bacterial leaf spot of lettuce caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vitians in three lettuce cultivars

Ryan J. Hayes, Mark A. Trent, Maria Jose Truco, Rudie Antonise, Richard W. Michelmore, Carolee Theresa Bull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lettuce yields can be reduced by the disease bacterial leaf spot (BLS) caused by the pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vitians (Xcv) and host resistance is the most feasible method to reduce disease losses. The cultivars La Brillante, Pavane and Little Gem express an incompatible host-pathogen interaction as a hypersensitive response (HR) to California strains of Xcv resulting in resistance. Little was known about the inheritance of resistance; however, resistance to other lettuce pathogens is often determined by resistance gene candidates (RGCs) encoding nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NB-LRR) proteins. Therefore, we determined the inheritance of BLS resistance in the cultivars La Brillante, Little Gem and Pavane and mapped it relative to RGCs. The reaction to Xcv was analyzed in nine F1, F2 and recombinant inbred line populations of lettuce from HR3compatible or HR3HR crosses. The HR in La Brillante, Pavane and Little Gem is conditioned by single dominant genes, which are either allelic or closely linked genes. The resistance gene in La Brillante was designated Xanthomonas resistance 1 (Xar1) and mapped to lettuce linkage group 2. Xar1 is present in a genomic region that contains numerous NB-LRR encoding RGCs and functional pathogen resistance loci in the RGC2 family. The Xar1 gene confers a high level of BLS resistance in the greenhouse and field that can be introgressed into commercial lettuce cultivars to reduce BLS losses using molecular markers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14066
JournalHorticulture Research
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Xanthomonas campestris pv. vitians
leaf spot
Xanthomonas campestris
Lettuce
lettuce
inheritance (genetics)
Genes
Pathogens
Xanthomonas
Gems
cultivars
genes
hypersensitive response
leucine
pathogens
Nucleotides
nucleotides
Host-Pathogen Interactions
Dominant Genes
Gene encoding

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture

Cite this

Hayes, Ryan J. ; Trent, Mark A. ; Truco, Maria Jose ; Antonise, Rudie ; Michelmore, Richard W. ; Bull, Carolee Theresa. / The inheritance of resistance to bacterial leaf spot of lettuce caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vitians in three lettuce cultivars. In: Horticulture Research. 2014 ; Vol. 1.
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The inheritance of resistance to bacterial leaf spot of lettuce caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vitians in three lettuce cultivars. / Hayes, Ryan J.; Trent, Mark A.; Truco, Maria Jose; Antonise, Rudie; Michelmore, Richard W.; Bull, Carolee Theresa.

In: Horticulture Research, Vol. 1, 14066, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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