The Interaction Between Child Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia and Early Sensitive Parenting in the Prediction of Children's Executive Functions

Noa Gueron-Sela, Nicholas J. Wagner, Cathi B. Propper, W. Roger Mills-Koonce, Ginger A. Moore, Martha J. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the interaction between children's parasympathetic functioning and maternal sensitive parenting behaviors during infancy and toddlerhood in the prediction of children's executive functions (EF) at the age of 5 years. Participants included 137 children and their mothers who were followed from the age of 3 months to 5 years. Children's cardiac activity was recorded at rest at multiple times from ages 3 to 36 months, and estimates of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA; a measure of parasympathetic functioning) were calculated. Sensitive parenting was assessed during a mother–child play task at ages 6, 12, 24, and 36 months, and 5 years. Children completed age appropriate EF tasks at the age of 5 years. The link between sensitive parenting during toddlerhood (ages 24 and 36 months) and children's later EF was moderated by children's RSA such that this positive link was evident only among children who had low levels of baseline RSA, and not among those who had high levels of baseline RSA. These findings were obtained while controlling for concurrent sensitive parenting and maternal and child verbal abilities. Results from this study provide evidence for the significant role of biopsychosocial processes in early childhood in the development of EF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-189
Number of pages19
JournalInfancy
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Parenting
Mothers
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia
Aptitude

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Gueron-Sela, Noa ; Wagner, Nicholas J. ; Propper, Cathi B. ; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger ; Moore, Ginger A. ; Cox, Martha J. / The Interaction Between Child Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia and Early Sensitive Parenting in the Prediction of Children's Executive Functions. In: Infancy. 2017 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 171-189.
@article{49a0a00d494d4d70bb415bc020e8262f,
title = "The Interaction Between Child Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia and Early Sensitive Parenting in the Prediction of Children's Executive Functions",
abstract = "This study investigated the interaction between children's parasympathetic functioning and maternal sensitive parenting behaviors during infancy and toddlerhood in the prediction of children's executive functions (EF) at the age of 5 years. Participants included 137 children and their mothers who were followed from the age of 3 months to 5 years. Children's cardiac activity was recorded at rest at multiple times from ages 3 to 36 months, and estimates of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA; a measure of parasympathetic functioning) were calculated. Sensitive parenting was assessed during a mother–child play task at ages 6, 12, 24, and 36 months, and 5 years. Children completed age appropriate EF tasks at the age of 5 years. The link between sensitive parenting during toddlerhood (ages 24 and 36 months) and children's later EF was moderated by children's RSA such that this positive link was evident only among children who had low levels of baseline RSA, and not among those who had high levels of baseline RSA. These findings were obtained while controlling for concurrent sensitive parenting and maternal and child verbal abilities. Results from this study provide evidence for the significant role of biopsychosocial processes in early childhood in the development of EF.",
author = "Noa Gueron-Sela and Wagner, {Nicholas J.} and Propper, {Cathi B.} and Mills-Koonce, {W. Roger} and Moore, {Ginger A.} and Cox, {Martha J.}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/infa.12152",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "171--189",
journal = "Infancy",
issn = "1525-0008",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

The Interaction Between Child Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia and Early Sensitive Parenting in the Prediction of Children's Executive Functions. / Gueron-Sela, Noa; Wagner, Nicholas J.; Propper, Cathi B.; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Moore, Ginger A.; Cox, Martha J.

In: Infancy, Vol. 22, No. 2, 01.03.2017, p. 171-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Interaction Between Child Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia and Early Sensitive Parenting in the Prediction of Children's Executive Functions

AU - Gueron-Sela, Noa

AU - Wagner, Nicholas J.

AU - Propper, Cathi B.

AU - Mills-Koonce, W. Roger

AU - Moore, Ginger A.

AU - Cox, Martha J.

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - This study investigated the interaction between children's parasympathetic functioning and maternal sensitive parenting behaviors during infancy and toddlerhood in the prediction of children's executive functions (EF) at the age of 5 years. Participants included 137 children and their mothers who were followed from the age of 3 months to 5 years. Children's cardiac activity was recorded at rest at multiple times from ages 3 to 36 months, and estimates of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA; a measure of parasympathetic functioning) were calculated. Sensitive parenting was assessed during a mother–child play task at ages 6, 12, 24, and 36 months, and 5 years. Children completed age appropriate EF tasks at the age of 5 years. The link between sensitive parenting during toddlerhood (ages 24 and 36 months) and children's later EF was moderated by children's RSA such that this positive link was evident only among children who had low levels of baseline RSA, and not among those who had high levels of baseline RSA. These findings were obtained while controlling for concurrent sensitive parenting and maternal and child verbal abilities. Results from this study provide evidence for the significant role of biopsychosocial processes in early childhood in the development of EF.

AB - This study investigated the interaction between children's parasympathetic functioning and maternal sensitive parenting behaviors during infancy and toddlerhood in the prediction of children's executive functions (EF) at the age of 5 years. Participants included 137 children and their mothers who were followed from the age of 3 months to 5 years. Children's cardiac activity was recorded at rest at multiple times from ages 3 to 36 months, and estimates of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA; a measure of parasympathetic functioning) were calculated. Sensitive parenting was assessed during a mother–child play task at ages 6, 12, 24, and 36 months, and 5 years. Children completed age appropriate EF tasks at the age of 5 years. The link between sensitive parenting during toddlerhood (ages 24 and 36 months) and children's later EF was moderated by children's RSA such that this positive link was evident only among children who had low levels of baseline RSA, and not among those who had high levels of baseline RSA. These findings were obtained while controlling for concurrent sensitive parenting and maternal and child verbal abilities. Results from this study provide evidence for the significant role of biopsychosocial processes in early childhood in the development of EF.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84994228756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84994228756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/infa.12152

DO - 10.1111/infa.12152

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 171

EP - 189

JO - Infancy

JF - Infancy

SN - 1525-0008

IS - 2

ER -