The Lidar system of the Pierre Auger Observatory

S. Y. BenZvi, R. Cester, M. Chiosso, B. M. Connolly, A. Filipčič, B. García, A. Grillo, F. Guarino, M. Horvat, M. Iarlori, C. Macolino, J. A.J. Matthews, D. Melo, R. Mussa, M. Mostafá, J. Pallota, S. Petrera, M. Prouza, V. Rizi, M. RobertsJ. R. Rodriguez Rojo, F. Salamida, M. Santander, G. Sequeiros, A. Tonachini, L. Valore, D. Veberič, S. Westerhoff, D. Zavrtanik, M. Zavrtanik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Pierre Auger Observatory in Malargüe, Argentina, is designed to study the origin of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays with energies above 1018 eV. The energy calibration of the detector is based on a system of four air fluorescence detectors. To obtain reliable calorimetric information from the fluorescence stations, the atmospheric conditions at the experiment's site need to be monitored continuously during operation. One of the components of the observatory's atmospheric monitoring system is a set of four elastic backscatter lidar stations, one station at each of the fluorescence detector sites. This paper describes the design, current status, standard operation procedure, and performance of the lidar system of the Pierre Auger Observatory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-184
Number of pages14
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume574
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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