The loss and maintenance of native crops in mountain agriculture

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fate of agricultural biodiversity varies among the native crops produced in a mountainous region. Four native crops (potatoes, maize, ulluco, quinoa) cultivated in the southern Peruvian sierra demonstrate different patterns of cultivar loss and cultivar maintenance. Contingent social, economic and environmental conditions in mountain agriculture shape the distinct fates befalling the cultivars in each crop. Three sets of specific conditions contribute to differences in the patterning of cultivar loss and maintenance: (1) proximate conditions in the local peasant economy, particularly access among agricultural households to land, labor, and capital, and changes in the availability and quality of the three endowments; (2) the social and cultural value of the crop in the local diet and cuisine; and (3) the biogeographic patterning of cultivars. Maintenance of cultivars currently marks the ulluco and quinoa crop as well as many potato and maize types. Cultivar loss besets the fast-maturing potato S. phureja and the slow-maturing maize types. To incorporate variable in situ crop-conservation programs into development planning for montane regions requires thoroughly assessing the contingent conditions for continued production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-72
Number of pages12
JournalGeoJournal
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1992

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cultivar
agriculture
crop
mountain
potato
development planning
peasant
maize
social economics
biodiversity
environmental factors
conservation
labor
economy
mountain region
economic conditions
loss
Values
environmental conditions
diet

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

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The loss and maintenance of native crops in mountain agriculture. / Zimmerer, Karl S.

In: GeoJournal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.05.1992, p. 61-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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