The measurement of executive function at age 5: Psychometric properties and relationship to academic achievement

Michael T. Willoughby, Clancy B. Blair, R. J. Wirth, Mark T. Greenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the psychometric properties and criterion validity of a newly developed battery of executive function (EF) tasks for use in early childhood. The battery was included in the Family Life Project (FLP), a prospective longitudinal study of families who were oversampled from low-income and African American families at the birth of a new child (N = 1,292). Ninety-nine percent (N = 1,036) of children who participated in the age 5 home visit completed 1 or more (M = 5.8, Mdn = 6) of the 6 EF tasks. Results indicated that tasks worked equally well for children residing in low-income and not low-income homes, that task scores were most informative about the ability level of children in the low-average range, that performance on EF tasks was best characterized by a single factor, and that individual differences on the EF battery were strongly related to a latent variable measuring overall academic achievement, as well as to individual standardized tests that measured phonological awareness, letter-word identification, and early math skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-239
Number of pages14
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

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Executive Function
Psychometrics
House Calls
Aptitude
Individuality
African Americans
Longitudinal Studies
Parturition
Prospective Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Willoughby, Michael T. ; Blair, Clancy B. ; Wirth, R. J. ; Greenberg, Mark T. / The measurement of executive function at age 5 : Psychometric properties and relationship to academic achievement. In: Psychological Assessment. 2012 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 226-239.
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The measurement of executive function at age 5 : Psychometric properties and relationship to academic achievement. / Willoughby, Michael T.; Blair, Clancy B.; Wirth, R. J.; Greenberg, Mark T.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.03.2012, p. 226-239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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