The measurement of journalistic role enactments: A study of organizational constraints and support in for-profit and nonprofit journalism

Serena Carpenter, Jan Boehmer, Frederick Fico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


Media scholars have primarily assessed journalistic role perceptions through the survey method. We propose conceptual and operational definitions for four role enactments observable through content analysis: dissemination, interpretative, adversarial, and mobilization. We also examined how journalistic role enactments in stories related to organization type (nonprofit and for-profit) and reporter workload. Results show that nonprofit journalists were more likely to include interpretation in stories, whereas for-profit journalists were more likely to enact the dissemination and mobilization roles. In addition, as reporter story number increases, it significantly predicted enacting the dissemination role, while suppressing the interpretative role, and especially the adversarial role enactment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)587-608
Number of pages22
JournalJournalism and Mass Communication Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication

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