The Mouse Pulsar Wind Nebula

Noel Klingler, Oleg Kargaltsev, George G. Pavlov, C. Y. Ng, Paz Beniamini, Igor Volkov

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Abstract

The young energetic pulsar J1747-2958 (τ = 26 kyr, erg s-1) powers the Mouse pulsar wind nebula (PWN), famous for its spectacular tail spanning 45″ in X-rays and 12′ in radio (d ∼ 5 kpc). We present the results of Chandra observations of the PWN and the analysis of archival lower-frequency data. The Chandra HRC image reveals a point-like source at the pulsar position, ≈1′ behind the bow shock apex of the PWN. The flattened appearance of the compact nebula is consistent with an equatorial outflow deformed by the ram pressure, implying that the angle between the pulsar's spin axis and line of sight is ∼70° (in agreement with the radio and γ-ray pulse profiles). The spatially resolved spectroscopy with Chandra ACIS shows that the power-law (PL) spectrum steepens from Γ = 1.65 ± 0.02 to 3.0 ± 0.1 over the 45′ extent of the X-ray tail. However, the tail's X-ray spectrum integrated over its 45″ length fits a single absorbed PL with Γ = 2.09 ± 0.03. We also found the Mouse PWN in 150 MHz GMRT data and a possible counterpart in 24 μm Spitzer data. The multiwavelength data suggest that, at low frequencies, the spectrum of the X-ray-emitting tail region can be described by a broken PL with at least one turnover between radio and X-rays. This is consistent with synchrotron cooling of electrons injected at the termination shock (with a spectral energy distribution slope of 2.2) with an equipartition magnetic field B ∼ 200 μG and a bulk flow speed v ∼ 4000 km s-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume861
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Klingler, N., Kargaltsev, O., Pavlov, G. G., Ng, C. Y., Beniamini, P., & Volkov, I. (2018). The Mouse Pulsar Wind Nebula. Astrophysical Journal, 861(1), [5]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aac6e0