The National Children's Study: Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach

Daniel E. Hale, Sharon B. Wyatt, Stephen Buka, Debra Cherry, Kendall K. Cislo, Donald J. Dudley, Pearl Anna McElfish, Gwendolyn S. Norman, Simone A. Reynolds, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Sandra Wadlinger, Cheryl K. Walker, James M. Robbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the National Children's Study (NCS) Vanguard Study tested the feasibility of household-based recruitment and participant enrollment using a birth-rate probability sample. In 2010, the NCS Program Office launched 3 additional recruitment approaches. We tested whether provider-based recruitment could improve recruitment outcomes compared with household-based recruitment. METHODS: The NCS aimed to recruit 18- to 49-year-old women who were pregnant or at risk for becoming pregnant who lived in designated geographic segments within primary sampling units, generally counties. Using provider-based recruitment, 10 study centers engaged providers to enroll eligible participants at their practice. Recruitment models used different levels of provider engagement (full, intermediate, information-only). RESULTS: The percentage of eligible women per county ranged from 1.5% to 57.3%. Across the centers, 3371 potential participants were approached for screening, 3459 (92%) were screened and 1479 were eligible (43%). Of those 1181 (80.0%) gave consent and 1008 (94%) were retained until delivery. Recruited participants were generally representative of the county population. CONCLUSIONS: Provider-based recruitment was successful in recruiting NCS participants. Challenges included time-intensity of engaging the clinical practices, differential willingness of providers to participate, and necessary reliance on providers for participant identification. The vast majority of practices cooperated to some degree. Recruitment from obstetric practices is an effective means of obtaining a representative sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S239-S247
JournalPediatrics
Volume137
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016

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Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Sampling Studies
Birth Rate
Feasibility Studies
Obstetrics
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Hale, D. E., Wyatt, S. B., Buka, S., Cherry, D., Cislo, K. K., Dudley, D. J., ... Robbins, J. M. (2016). The National Children's Study: Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach. Pediatrics, 137, S239-S247. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-4410E
Hale, Daniel E. ; Wyatt, Sharon B. ; Buka, Stephen ; Cherry, Debra ; Cislo, Kendall K. ; Dudley, Donald J. ; McElfish, Pearl Anna ; Norman, Gwendolyn S. ; Reynolds, Simone A. ; Siega-Riz, Anna Maria ; Wadlinger, Sandra ; Walker, Cheryl K. ; Robbins, James M. / The National Children's Study : Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach. In: Pediatrics. 2016 ; Vol. 137. pp. S239-S247.
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title = "The National Children's Study: Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the National Children's Study (NCS) Vanguard Study tested the feasibility of household-based recruitment and participant enrollment using a birth-rate probability sample. In 2010, the NCS Program Office launched 3 additional recruitment approaches. We tested whether provider-based recruitment could improve recruitment outcomes compared with household-based recruitment. METHODS: The NCS aimed to recruit 18- to 49-year-old women who were pregnant or at risk for becoming pregnant who lived in designated geographic segments within primary sampling units, generally counties. Using provider-based recruitment, 10 study centers engaged providers to enroll eligible participants at their practice. Recruitment models used different levels of provider engagement (full, intermediate, information-only). RESULTS: The percentage of eligible women per county ranged from 1.5{\%} to 57.3{\%}. Across the centers, 3371 potential participants were approached for screening, 3459 (92{\%}) were screened and 1479 were eligible (43{\%}). Of those 1181 (80.0{\%}) gave consent and 1008 (94{\%}) were retained until delivery. Recruited participants were generally representative of the county population. CONCLUSIONS: Provider-based recruitment was successful in recruiting NCS participants. Challenges included time-intensity of engaging the clinical practices, differential willingness of providers to participate, and necessary reliance on providers for participant identification. The vast majority of practices cooperated to some degree. Recruitment from obstetric practices is an effective means of obtaining a representative sample.",
author = "Hale, {Daniel E.} and Wyatt, {Sharon B.} and Stephen Buka and Debra Cherry and Cislo, {Kendall K.} and Dudley, {Donald J.} and McElfish, {Pearl Anna} and Norman, {Gwendolyn S.} and Reynolds, {Simone A.} and Siega-Riz, {Anna Maria} and Sandra Wadlinger and Walker, {Cheryl K.} and Robbins, {James M.}",
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Hale, DE, Wyatt, SB, Buka, S, Cherry, D, Cislo, KK, Dudley, DJ, McElfish, PA, Norman, GS, Reynolds, SA, Siega-Riz, AM, Wadlinger, S, Walker, CK & Robbins, JM 2016, 'The National Children's Study: Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach', Pediatrics, vol. 137, pp. S239-S247. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-4410E

The National Children's Study : Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach. / Hale, Daniel E.; Wyatt, Sharon B.; Buka, Stephen; Cherry, Debra; Cislo, Kendall K.; Dudley, Donald J.; McElfish, Pearl Anna; Norman, Gwendolyn S.; Reynolds, Simone A.; Siega-Riz, Anna Maria; Wadlinger, Sandra; Walker, Cheryl K.; Robbins, James M.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 137, 06.2016, p. S239-S247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The National Children's Study

T2 - Recruitment outcomes using the provider-based recruitment approach

AU - Hale, Daniel E.

AU - Wyatt, Sharon B.

AU - Buka, Stephen

AU - Cherry, Debra

AU - Cislo, Kendall K.

AU - Dudley, Donald J.

AU - McElfish, Pearl Anna

AU - Norman, Gwendolyn S.

AU - Reynolds, Simone A.

AU - Siega-Riz, Anna Maria

AU - Wadlinger, Sandra

AU - Walker, Cheryl K.

AU - Robbins, James M.

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the National Children's Study (NCS) Vanguard Study tested the feasibility of household-based recruitment and participant enrollment using a birth-rate probability sample. In 2010, the NCS Program Office launched 3 additional recruitment approaches. We tested whether provider-based recruitment could improve recruitment outcomes compared with household-based recruitment. METHODS: The NCS aimed to recruit 18- to 49-year-old women who were pregnant or at risk for becoming pregnant who lived in designated geographic segments within primary sampling units, generally counties. Using provider-based recruitment, 10 study centers engaged providers to enroll eligible participants at their practice. Recruitment models used different levels of provider engagement (full, intermediate, information-only). RESULTS: The percentage of eligible women per county ranged from 1.5% to 57.3%. Across the centers, 3371 potential participants were approached for screening, 3459 (92%) were screened and 1479 were eligible (43%). Of those 1181 (80.0%) gave consent and 1008 (94%) were retained until delivery. Recruited participants were generally representative of the county population. CONCLUSIONS: Provider-based recruitment was successful in recruiting NCS participants. Challenges included time-intensity of engaging the clinical practices, differential willingness of providers to participate, and necessary reliance on providers for participant identification. The vast majority of practices cooperated to some degree. Recruitment from obstetric practices is an effective means of obtaining a representative sample.

AB - OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the National Children's Study (NCS) Vanguard Study tested the feasibility of household-based recruitment and participant enrollment using a birth-rate probability sample. In 2010, the NCS Program Office launched 3 additional recruitment approaches. We tested whether provider-based recruitment could improve recruitment outcomes compared with household-based recruitment. METHODS: The NCS aimed to recruit 18- to 49-year-old women who were pregnant or at risk for becoming pregnant who lived in designated geographic segments within primary sampling units, generally counties. Using provider-based recruitment, 10 study centers engaged providers to enroll eligible participants at their practice. Recruitment models used different levels of provider engagement (full, intermediate, information-only). RESULTS: The percentage of eligible women per county ranged from 1.5% to 57.3%. Across the centers, 3371 potential participants were approached for screening, 3459 (92%) were screened and 1479 were eligible (43%). Of those 1181 (80.0%) gave consent and 1008 (94%) were retained until delivery. Recruited participants were generally representative of the county population. CONCLUSIONS: Provider-based recruitment was successful in recruiting NCS participants. Challenges included time-intensity of engaging the clinical practices, differential willingness of providers to participate, and necessary reliance on providers for participant identification. The vast majority of practices cooperated to some degree. Recruitment from obstetric practices is an effective means of obtaining a representative sample.

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