The Neptune-sized circumbinary planet kepler-38b

Jerome A. Orosz, William F. Welsh, Joshua A. Carter, Erik Brugamyer, Lars A. Buchhave, William D. Cochran, Michael Endl, Eric B. Ford, Phillip MacQueen, Donald R. Short, Guillermo Torres, Gur Windmiller, Eric Agol, Thomas Barclay, Douglas A. Caldwell, Bruce D. Clarke, Laurance R. Doyle, Daniel C. Fabrycky, John C. Geary, Nader HaghighipourMatthew J. Holman, Khadeejah A. Ibrahim, Jon M. Jenkins, Karen Kinemuchi, Jie Li, Jack J. Lissauer, Andrej Prša, Darin Ragozzine, Avi Shporer, Martin Still, Richard A. Wade

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Abstract

We discuss the discovery and characterization of the circumbinary planet Kepler-38b. The stellar binary is single-lined, with a period of 18.8days, and consists of a moderately evolved main-sequence star (MA = 0.949 ± 0.059 M and RA = 1.757 ± 0.034 R ) paired with a low-mass star (MB = 0.249 ± 0.010 M and RB = 0.2724 ± 0.0053 R ) in a mildly eccentric (e = 0.103) orbit. A total of eight transits due to a circumbinary planet crossing the primary star were identified in the Kepler light curve (using Kepler Quarters 1-11), from which a planetary period of 105.595 ± 0.053 days can be established. A photometric dynamical model fit to the radial velocity curve and Kepler light curve yields a planetary radius of 4.35 ± 0.11 R , or equivalently 1.12 ± 0.03 R Nep. Since the planet is not sufficiently massive to observably alter the orbit of the binary from Keplerian motion, we can only place an upper limit on the mass of the planet of 122 M (7.11 M Nep or equivalently 0.384 M Jup) at 95% confidence. This upper limit should decrease as more Kepler data become available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number87
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume758
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2012

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Neptune (planet)
Neptune
planets
planet
light curve
orbits
stars
main sequence stars
eccentrics
transit
radial velocity
confidence
radii
curves

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Orosz, J. A., Welsh, W. F., Carter, J. A., Brugamyer, E., Buchhave, L. A., Cochran, W. D., ... Wade, R. A. (2012). The Neptune-sized circumbinary planet kepler-38b. Astrophysical Journal, 758(2), [87]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/758/2/87
Orosz, Jerome A. ; Welsh, William F. ; Carter, Joshua A. ; Brugamyer, Erik ; Buchhave, Lars A. ; Cochran, William D. ; Endl, Michael ; Ford, Eric B. ; MacQueen, Phillip ; Short, Donald R. ; Torres, Guillermo ; Windmiller, Gur ; Agol, Eric ; Barclay, Thomas ; Caldwell, Douglas A. ; Clarke, Bruce D. ; Doyle, Laurance R. ; Fabrycky, Daniel C. ; Geary, John C. ; Haghighipour, Nader ; Holman, Matthew J. ; Ibrahim, Khadeejah A. ; Jenkins, Jon M. ; Kinemuchi, Karen ; Li, Jie ; Lissauer, Jack J. ; Prša, Andrej ; Ragozzine, Darin ; Shporer, Avi ; Still, Martin ; Wade, Richard A. / The Neptune-sized circumbinary planet kepler-38b. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 758, No. 2.
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abstract = "We discuss the discovery and characterization of the circumbinary planet Kepler-38b. The stellar binary is single-lined, with a period of 18.8days, and consists of a moderately evolved main-sequence star (MA = 0.949 ± 0.059 M ⊙ and RA = 1.757 ± 0.034 R ⊙) paired with a low-mass star (MB = 0.249 ± 0.010 M ⊙ and RB = 0.2724 ± 0.0053 R ⊙) in a mildly eccentric (e = 0.103) orbit. A total of eight transits due to a circumbinary planet crossing the primary star were identified in the Kepler light curve (using Kepler Quarters 1-11), from which a planetary period of 105.595 ± 0.053 days can be established. A photometric dynamical model fit to the radial velocity curve and Kepler light curve yields a planetary radius of 4.35 ± 0.11 R ⊕, or equivalently 1.12 ± 0.03 R Nep. Since the planet is not sufficiently massive to observably alter the orbit of the binary from Keplerian motion, we can only place an upper limit on the mass of the planet of 122 M ⊕ (7.11 M Nep or equivalently 0.384 M Jup) at 95{\%} confidence. This upper limit should decrease as more Kepler data become available.",
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Orosz, JA, Welsh, WF, Carter, JA, Brugamyer, E, Buchhave, LA, Cochran, WD, Endl, M, Ford, EB, MacQueen, P, Short, DR, Torres, G, Windmiller, G, Agol, E, Barclay, T, Caldwell, DA, Clarke, BD, Doyle, LR, Fabrycky, DC, Geary, JC, Haghighipour, N, Holman, MJ, Ibrahim, KA, Jenkins, JM, Kinemuchi, K, Li, J, Lissauer, JJ, Prša, A, Ragozzine, D, Shporer, A, Still, M & Wade, RA 2012, 'The Neptune-sized circumbinary planet kepler-38b', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 758, no. 2, 87. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/758/2/87

The Neptune-sized circumbinary planet kepler-38b. / Orosz, Jerome A.; Welsh, William F.; Carter, Joshua A.; Brugamyer, Erik; Buchhave, Lars A.; Cochran, William D.; Endl, Michael; Ford, Eric B.; MacQueen, Phillip; Short, Donald R.; Torres, Guillermo; Windmiller, Gur; Agol, Eric; Barclay, Thomas; Caldwell, Douglas A.; Clarke, Bruce D.; Doyle, Laurance R.; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; Geary, John C.; Haghighipour, Nader; Holman, Matthew J.; Ibrahim, Khadeejah A.; Jenkins, Jon M.; Kinemuchi, Karen; Li, Jie; Lissauer, Jack J.; Prša, Andrej; Ragozzine, Darin; Shporer, Avi; Still, Martin; Wade, Richard A.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 758, No. 2, 87, 20.10.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The Neptune-sized circumbinary planet kepler-38b

AU - Orosz, Jerome A.

AU - Welsh, William F.

AU - Carter, Joshua A.

AU - Brugamyer, Erik

AU - Buchhave, Lars A.

AU - Cochran, William D.

AU - Endl, Michael

AU - Ford, Eric B.

AU - MacQueen, Phillip

AU - Short, Donald R.

AU - Torres, Guillermo

AU - Windmiller, Gur

AU - Agol, Eric

AU - Barclay, Thomas

AU - Caldwell, Douglas A.

AU - Clarke, Bruce D.

AU - Doyle, Laurance R.

AU - Fabrycky, Daniel C.

AU - Geary, John C.

AU - Haghighipour, Nader

AU - Holman, Matthew J.

AU - Ibrahim, Khadeejah A.

AU - Jenkins, Jon M.

AU - Kinemuchi, Karen

AU - Li, Jie

AU - Lissauer, Jack J.

AU - Prša, Andrej

AU - Ragozzine, Darin

AU - Shporer, Avi

AU - Still, Martin

AU - Wade, Richard A.

PY - 2012/10/20

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N2 - We discuss the discovery and characterization of the circumbinary planet Kepler-38b. The stellar binary is single-lined, with a period of 18.8days, and consists of a moderately evolved main-sequence star (MA = 0.949 ± 0.059 M ⊙ and RA = 1.757 ± 0.034 R ⊙) paired with a low-mass star (MB = 0.249 ± 0.010 M ⊙ and RB = 0.2724 ± 0.0053 R ⊙) in a mildly eccentric (e = 0.103) orbit. A total of eight transits due to a circumbinary planet crossing the primary star were identified in the Kepler light curve (using Kepler Quarters 1-11), from which a planetary period of 105.595 ± 0.053 days can be established. A photometric dynamical model fit to the radial velocity curve and Kepler light curve yields a planetary radius of 4.35 ± 0.11 R ⊕, or equivalently 1.12 ± 0.03 R Nep. Since the planet is not sufficiently massive to observably alter the orbit of the binary from Keplerian motion, we can only place an upper limit on the mass of the planet of 122 M ⊕ (7.11 M Nep or equivalently 0.384 M Jup) at 95% confidence. This upper limit should decrease as more Kepler data become available.

AB - We discuss the discovery and characterization of the circumbinary planet Kepler-38b. The stellar binary is single-lined, with a period of 18.8days, and consists of a moderately evolved main-sequence star (MA = 0.949 ± 0.059 M ⊙ and RA = 1.757 ± 0.034 R ⊙) paired with a low-mass star (MB = 0.249 ± 0.010 M ⊙ and RB = 0.2724 ± 0.0053 R ⊙) in a mildly eccentric (e = 0.103) orbit. A total of eight transits due to a circumbinary planet crossing the primary star were identified in the Kepler light curve (using Kepler Quarters 1-11), from which a planetary period of 105.595 ± 0.053 days can be established. A photometric dynamical model fit to the radial velocity curve and Kepler light curve yields a planetary radius of 4.35 ± 0.11 R ⊕, or equivalently 1.12 ± 0.03 R Nep. Since the planet is not sufficiently massive to observably alter the orbit of the binary from Keplerian motion, we can only place an upper limit on the mass of the planet of 122 M ⊕ (7.11 M Nep or equivalently 0.384 M Jup) at 95% confidence. This upper limit should decrease as more Kepler data become available.

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Orosz JA, Welsh WF, Carter JA, Brugamyer E, Buchhave LA, Cochran WD et al. The Neptune-sized circumbinary planet kepler-38b. Astrophysical Journal. 2012 Oct 20;758(2). 87. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/758/2/87