The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Gardner Yost, Geetha Bhat, Patroklos Pappas, Antone Tatooles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has proven to be a robust predictor of mortality in a wide range of cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated the predictive value of the NLR in patients supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) systems. Methods: This study included 107 patients who underwent ECMO implantation for cardiogenic shock. Median preoperative NLR was used to divide the cohort, with Group 1 NLR <14.2 and Group 2 with NLR ≥14.2. Survival, the primary outcome, was compared between groups. Results: The study cohort was composed of 64 (60%) males with an average age 53.1 ± 14.9 years. Patients in Group 1 had an average NLR of 7.5 ± 3.5 compared to 27.1 ± 19.9 in Group 2. Additionally, those in Group 2 had significantly higher preoperative blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and age. Survival analysis indicated a thirty-day survival of 56.2%, with significantly worsened mortality in patients with NLR greater than 14.2, p=0.047. Discussion: Our study shows the NLR has prognostic value in patients undergoing ECMO implantation. Leukocytes are known contributors to myocardial damage and neutrophil infiltration is associated with damage caused by myocardial ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-567
Number of pages6
JournalPerfusion (United Kingdom)
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Safety Research
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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