The noise collector for sparse recovery in high dimensions

Miguel Moscoso, Alexei Novikov, George Papanicolaou, Chrysoula Tsogka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The ability to detect sparse signals from noisy, high-dimensional data is a top priority in modern science and engineering. It is well known that a sparse solution of the linear system Aρ = b0 can be found efficiently with an l1-norm minimization approach if the data are noiseless. However, detection of the signal from data corrupted by noise is still a challenging problem as the solution depends, in general, on a regularization parameter with optimal value that is not easy to choose. We propose an efficient approach that does not require any parameter estimation. We introduce a no-phantom τ and the Noise Collector matrix C and solve an augmented system Aρ + Cn = b0 + e, where e is the noise. We show that the l1-norm minimal solution of this system has zero false discovery rate for any level of noise, with probability that tends to one as the dimension of b0 increases to infinity. We obtain exact support recovery if the noise is not too large and develop a fast Noise Collector algorithm, which makes the computational cost of solving the augmented system comparable with that of the original one. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the method in applications to passive array imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11226
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume117
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - May 26 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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