The observation of up-going charged particles produced by high energy muons in underground detectors

M. Ambrosio, R. Antolini, C. Aramo, G. Auriemma, A. Baldini, G. C. Barbarino, B. C. Barish, G. Battistoni, R. Bellotti, C. Bemporad, P. Bernardini, H. Bilokon, V. Bisi, C. Bloise, C. Bower, S. Bussino, F. Cafagna, M. Calicchio, D. Campana, M. CarboniM. Castellano, S. Cecchini, F. Cei, V. Chiarella, S. Coutu, G. Cunti, L. de Benedictis, G. de Cataldo, H. Dekhissi, C. de Marzo, I. de Mitri, M. de Vincenzi, A. di Credico, O. Erriquez, C. Favuzzi, C. Forti, P. Fusco, G. Giacomelli, G. Giannini, N. Giglietto, M. Grassi, L. Gray, A. Grillo, F. Guarino, P. Guarnaccia, C. Gustavino, A. Habig, K. Hanson, A. Hawthorne, R. Heinz, E. Iarocci, E. Katsavounidis, E. Kearns, S. Kyriazopoulou, E. Lamanna, C. Lane, D. S. Levin, P. Lipari, N. P. Longley, M. J. Longo, F. Maaroufi, G. Mancarella, G. Mandrioli, S. Manzoor, A. Margiotta Neri, A. Marini, D. Martello, A. Marzari-Chiesa, M. N. Mazziotta, C. Mazzotta, D. G. Michael, S. Mikheyev, L. Miller, P. Monacelli, T. Montaruli, M. Monteno, S. Mufson, J. Musser, D. Nicoló, R. Nolty, C. Okada, C. Orth, G. Osteria, O. Palamara, V. Patera, L. Patrizii, R. Pazzi, C. W. Peck, S. Petrera, P. Pistilli, V. Popa, V. Pugliese, A. Rainó, J. Reynoldson, F. Ronga, U. Rubizzo, A. Sanzgiri, C. Satriano, L. Satta, E. Scapparone, K. Scholberg, A. Sciubba, P. Serra-Lugaresi, M. Severi, M. Sioli, M. Sitta, P. Spinelli, M. Spinetti, M. Spurio, R. Steinberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, A. Surdo, G. Tarlé, V. Togo, C. W. Walter, R. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An experimental study of the production of up-going charged particles in inelastic interactions of down-going underground muons is reported, using data obtained from the MACRO detector at the Gran Sasso Laboratory. In a sample of 12.2 x 10 6 single muons, corresponding to a detector lifetime of 1.55y, 243 events are observed having an up-going particle associated with a down-going muon. These events are analysed to determine the range and emission angle distributions of the up-going particle, corrected for detection and reconstruction efficiency. Measurements of the muon neutrino flux by underground detectors are often based on the observation of through-going and stopping muons produced in νμ interactions in the rock below the detector. Up-going particles produced by an undetected down-going muon are a potential background source in these measurements. The implications of this background for neutrino studies using MACRO are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-117
Number of pages13
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1998

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muons
charged particles
detectors
energy
neutrinos
stopping
interactions
rocks
life (durability)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Ambrosio, M., Antolini, R., Aramo, C., Auriemma, G., Baldini, A., Barbarino, G. C., ... Webb, R. (1998). The observation of up-going charged particles produced by high energy muons in underground detectors. Astroparticle Physics, 9(2), 105-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-6505(98)00010-3
Ambrosio, M. ; Antolini, R. ; Aramo, C. ; Auriemma, G. ; Baldini, A. ; Barbarino, G. C. ; Barish, B. C. ; Battistoni, G. ; Bellotti, R. ; Bemporad, C. ; Bernardini, P. ; Bilokon, H. ; Bisi, V. ; Bloise, C. ; Bower, C. ; Bussino, S. ; Cafagna, F. ; Calicchio, M. ; Campana, D. ; Carboni, M. ; Castellano, M. ; Cecchini, S. ; Cei, F. ; Chiarella, V. ; Coutu, S. ; Cunti, G. ; de Benedictis, L. ; de Cataldo, G. ; Dekhissi, H. ; de Marzo, C. ; de Mitri, I. ; de Vincenzi, M. ; di Credico, A. ; Erriquez, O. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Forti, C. ; Fusco, P. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giannini, G. ; Giglietto, N. ; Grassi, M. ; Gray, L. ; Grillo, A. ; Guarino, F. ; Guarnaccia, P. ; Gustavino, C. ; Habig, A. ; Hanson, K. ; Hawthorne, A. ; Heinz, R. ; Iarocci, E. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Kearns, E. ; Kyriazopoulou, S. ; Lamanna, E. ; Lane, C. ; Levin, D. S. ; Lipari, P. ; Longley, N. P. ; Longo, M. J. ; Maaroufi, F. ; Mancarella, G. ; Mandrioli, G. ; Manzoor, S. ; Margiotta Neri, A. ; Marini, A. ; Martello, D. ; Marzari-Chiesa, A. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; Mazzotta, C. ; Michael, D. G. ; Mikheyev, S. ; Miller, L. ; Monacelli, P. ; Montaruli, T. ; Monteno, M. ; Mufson, S. ; Musser, J. ; Nicoló, D. ; Nolty, R. ; Okada, C. ; Orth, C. ; Osteria, G. ; Palamara, O. ; Patera, V. ; Patrizii, L. ; Pazzi, R. ; Peck, C. W. ; Petrera, S. ; Pistilli, P. ; Popa, V. ; Pugliese, V. ; Rainó, A. ; Reynoldson, J. ; Ronga, F. ; Rubizzo, U. ; Sanzgiri, A. ; Satriano, C. ; Satta, L. ; Scapparone, E. ; Scholberg, K. ; Sciubba, A. ; Serra-Lugaresi, P. ; Severi, M. ; Sioli, M. ; Sitta, M. ; Spinelli, P. ; Spinetti, M. ; Spurio, M. ; Steinberg, R. ; Stone, J. L. ; Sulak, L. R. ; Surdo, A. ; Tarlé, G. ; Togo, V. ; Walter, C. W. ; Webb, R. / The observation of up-going charged particles produced by high energy muons in underground detectors. In: Astroparticle Physics. 1998 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 105-117.
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abstract = "An experimental study of the production of up-going charged particles in inelastic interactions of down-going underground muons is reported, using data obtained from the MACRO detector at the Gran Sasso Laboratory. In a sample of 12.2 x 10 6 single muons, corresponding to a detector lifetime of 1.55y, 243 events are observed having an up-going particle associated with a down-going muon. These events are analysed to determine the range and emission angle distributions of the up-going particle, corrected for detection and reconstruction efficiency. Measurements of the muon neutrino flux by underground detectors are often based on the observation of through-going and stopping muons produced in νμ interactions in the rock below the detector. Up-going particles produced by an undetected down-going muon are a potential background source in these measurements. The implications of this background for neutrino studies using MACRO are discussed.",
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Ambrosio, M, Antolini, R, Aramo, C, Auriemma, G, Baldini, A, Barbarino, GC, Barish, BC, Battistoni, G, Bellotti, R, Bemporad, C, Bernardini, P, Bilokon, H, Bisi, V, Bloise, C, Bower, C, Bussino, S, Cafagna, F, Calicchio, M, Campana, D, Carboni, M, Castellano, M, Cecchini, S, Cei, F, Chiarella, V, Coutu, S, Cunti, G, de Benedictis, L, de Cataldo, G, Dekhissi, H, de Marzo, C, de Mitri, I, de Vincenzi, M, di Credico, A, Erriquez, O, Favuzzi, C, Forti, C, Fusco, P, Giacomelli, G, Giannini, G, Giglietto, N, Grassi, M, Gray, L, Grillo, A, Guarino, F, Guarnaccia, P, Gustavino, C, Habig, A, Hanson, K, Hawthorne, A, Heinz, R, Iarocci, E, Katsavounidis, E, Kearns, E, Kyriazopoulou, S, Lamanna, E, Lane, C, Levin, DS, Lipari, P, Longley, NP, Longo, MJ, Maaroufi, F, Mancarella, G, Mandrioli, G, Manzoor, S, Margiotta Neri, A, Marini, A, Martello, D, Marzari-Chiesa, A, Mazziotta, MN, Mazzotta, C, Michael, DG, Mikheyev, S, Miller, L, Monacelli, P, Montaruli, T, Monteno, M, Mufson, S, Musser, J, Nicoló, D, Nolty, R, Okada, C, Orth, C, Osteria, G, Palamara, O, Patera, V, Patrizii, L, Pazzi, R, Peck, CW, Petrera, S, Pistilli, P, Popa, V, Pugliese, V, Rainó, A, Reynoldson, J, Ronga, F, Rubizzo, U, Sanzgiri, A, Satriano, C, Satta, L, Scapparone, E, Scholberg, K, Sciubba, A, Serra-Lugaresi, P, Severi, M, Sioli, M, Sitta, M, Spinelli, P, Spinetti, M, Spurio, M, Steinberg, R, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Surdo, A, Tarlé, G, Togo, V, Walter, CW & Webb, R 1998, 'The observation of up-going charged particles produced by high energy muons in underground detectors', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 105-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-6505(98)00010-3

The observation of up-going charged particles produced by high energy muons in underground detectors. / Ambrosio, M.; Antolini, R.; Aramo, C.; Auriemma, G.; Baldini, A.; Barbarino, G. C.; Barish, B. C.; Battistoni, G.; Bellotti, R.; Bemporad, C.; Bernardini, P.; Bilokon, H.; Bisi, V.; Bloise, C.; Bower, C.; Bussino, S.; Cafagna, F.; Calicchio, M.; Campana, D.; Carboni, M.; Castellano, M.; Cecchini, S.; Cei, F.; Chiarella, V.; Coutu, S.; Cunti, G.; de Benedictis, L.; de Cataldo, G.; Dekhissi, H.; de Marzo, C.; de Mitri, I.; de Vincenzi, M.; di Credico, A.; Erriquez, O.; Favuzzi, C.; Forti, C.; Fusco, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giannini, G.; Giglietto, N.; Grassi, M.; Gray, L.; Grillo, A.; Guarino, F.; Guarnaccia, P.; Gustavino, C.; Habig, A.; Hanson, K.; Hawthorne, A.; Heinz, R.; Iarocci, E.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kearns, E.; Kyriazopoulou, S.; Lamanna, E.; Lane, C.; Levin, D. S.; Lipari, P.; Longley, N. P.; Longo, M. J.; Maaroufi, F.; Mancarella, G.; Mandrioli, G.; Manzoor, S.; Margiotta Neri, A.; Marini, A.; Martello, D.; Marzari-Chiesa, A.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Mazzotta, C.; Michael, D. G.; Mikheyev, S.; Miller, L.; Monacelli, P.; Montaruli, T.; Monteno, M.; Mufson, S.; Musser, J.; Nicoló, D.; Nolty, R.; Okada, C.; Orth, C.; Osteria, G.; Palamara, O.; Patera, V.; Patrizii, L.; Pazzi, R.; Peck, C. W.; Petrera, S.; Pistilli, P.; Popa, V.; Pugliese, V.; Rainó, A.; Reynoldson, J.; Ronga, F.; Rubizzo, U.; Sanzgiri, A.; Satriano, C.; Satta, L.; Scapparone, E.; Scholberg, K.; Sciubba, A.; Serra-Lugaresi, P.; Severi, M.; Sioli, M.; Sitta, M.; Spinelli, P.; Spinetti, M.; Spurio, M.; Steinberg, R.; Stone, J. L.; Sulak, L. R.; Surdo, A.; Tarlé, G.; Togo, V.; Walter, C. W.; Webb, R.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 9, No. 2, 08.1998, p. 105-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The observation of up-going charged particles produced by high energy muons in underground detectors

AU - Ambrosio, M.

AU - Antolini, R.

AU - Aramo, C.

AU - Auriemma, G.

AU - Baldini, A.

AU - Barbarino, G. C.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Bellotti, R.

AU - Bemporad, C.

AU - Bernardini, P.

AU - Bilokon, H.

AU - Bisi, V.

AU - Bloise, C.

AU - Bower, C.

AU - Bussino, S.

AU - Cafagna, F.

AU - Calicchio, M.

AU - Campana, D.

AU - Carboni, M.

AU - Castellano, M.

AU - Cecchini, S.

AU - Cei, F.

AU - Chiarella, V.

AU - Coutu, S.

AU - Cunti, G.

AU - de Benedictis, L.

AU - de Cataldo, G.

AU - Dekhissi, H.

AU - de Marzo, C.

AU - de Mitri, I.

AU - de Vincenzi, M.

AU - di Credico, A.

AU - Erriquez, O.

AU - Favuzzi, C.

AU - Forti, C.

AU - Fusco, P.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giannini, G.

AU - Giglietto, N.

AU - Grassi, M.

AU - Gray, L.

AU - Grillo, A.

AU - Guarino, F.

AU - Guarnaccia, P.

AU - Gustavino, C.

AU - Habig, A.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hawthorne, A.

AU - Heinz, R.

AU - Iarocci, E.

AU - Katsavounidis, E.

AU - Kearns, E.

AU - Kyriazopoulou, S.

AU - Lamanna, E.

AU - Lane, C.

AU - Levin, D. S.

AU - Lipari, P.

AU - Longley, N. P.

AU - Longo, M. J.

AU - Maaroufi, F.

AU - Mancarella, G.

AU - Mandrioli, G.

AU - Manzoor, S.

AU - Margiotta Neri, A.

AU - Marini, A.

AU - Martello, D.

AU - Marzari-Chiesa, A.

AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

AU - Mazzotta, C.

AU - Michael, D. G.

AU - Mikheyev, S.

AU - Miller, L.

AU - Monacelli, P.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Monteno, M.

AU - Mufson, S.

AU - Musser, J.

AU - Nicoló, D.

AU - Nolty, R.

AU - Okada, C.

AU - Orth, C.

AU - Osteria, G.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Patera, V.

AU - Patrizii, L.

AU - Pazzi, R.

AU - Peck, C. W.

AU - Petrera, S.

AU - Pistilli, P.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Pugliese, V.

AU - Rainó, A.

AU - Reynoldson, J.

AU - Ronga, F.

AU - Rubizzo, U.

AU - Sanzgiri, A.

AU - Satriano, C.

AU - Satta, L.

AU - Scapparone, E.

AU - Scholberg, K.

AU - Sciubba, A.

AU - Serra-Lugaresi, P.

AU - Severi, M.

AU - Sioli, M.

AU - Sitta, M.

AU - Spinelli, P.

AU - Spinetti, M.

AU - Spurio, M.

AU - Steinberg, R.

AU - Stone, J. L.

AU - Sulak, L. R.

AU - Surdo, A.

AU - Tarlé, G.

AU - Togo, V.

AU - Walter, C. W.

AU - Webb, R.

PY - 1998/8

Y1 - 1998/8

N2 - An experimental study of the production of up-going charged particles in inelastic interactions of down-going underground muons is reported, using data obtained from the MACRO detector at the Gran Sasso Laboratory. In a sample of 12.2 x 10 6 single muons, corresponding to a detector lifetime of 1.55y, 243 events are observed having an up-going particle associated with a down-going muon. These events are analysed to determine the range and emission angle distributions of the up-going particle, corrected for detection and reconstruction efficiency. Measurements of the muon neutrino flux by underground detectors are often based on the observation of through-going and stopping muons produced in νμ interactions in the rock below the detector. Up-going particles produced by an undetected down-going muon are a potential background source in these measurements. The implications of this background for neutrino studies using MACRO are discussed.

AB - An experimental study of the production of up-going charged particles in inelastic interactions of down-going underground muons is reported, using data obtained from the MACRO detector at the Gran Sasso Laboratory. In a sample of 12.2 x 10 6 single muons, corresponding to a detector lifetime of 1.55y, 243 events are observed having an up-going particle associated with a down-going muon. These events are analysed to determine the range and emission angle distributions of the up-going particle, corrected for detection and reconstruction efficiency. Measurements of the muon neutrino flux by underground detectors are often based on the observation of through-going and stopping muons produced in νμ interactions in the rock below the detector. Up-going particles produced by an undetected down-going muon are a potential background source in these measurements. The implications of this background for neutrino studies using MACRO are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032140453&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032140453&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0927-6505(98)00010-3

DO - 10.1016/S0927-6505(98)00010-3

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0032140453

VL - 9

SP - 105

EP - 117

JO - Astroparticle Physics

JF - Astroparticle Physics

SN - 0927-6505

IS - 2

ER -