The occurrence of Tornadoes in supercells interacting with boundaries during VORTEX-95

Paul M. Markowski, Erik N. Rasmussen, Jerry M. Straka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the Verifications of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment, nearly 70% of the significant tornadoes occurred near low-level boundaries not associated with the forward or rear flank downdrafts of supercells. In general, these were preexisting boundaries readily identified using conventional data sources. Most of the tornadoes occurred on the cool side of these low-level boundaries and generally within 30 km of the boundaries. It is likely that the low-level boundaries augmented the "ambient" horizontal vorticity, which, upon further generation in the forward-flank region, became sufficient to be associated with tornadic low-level mesocyclones. Some implications for forecasting and further research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-859
Number of pages8
JournalWeather and Forecasting
Volume13
Issue number3 PART2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

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