The oral administration of MnCl2: A potential alternative to IV injection for tissue contrast enhancement in magnetic resonance imaging

Keith R. Burnett, Edward J. Goldstein, Gerald L. Wolf, Swapan Sen, Alex C. Mamourian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Mn+2 (as MnCl2) was administered to rabbits intravenously and orally (a route of administration which based upon our previous experiments in rats7 promises to give selective hepatobiliary enhancement with less systemic toxicity). Nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion or T1 (NMRD) was performed on selected tissues (heart, liver, kidney, serum, and bile) in both animal groups to examine possible qualitative and semiquantitative differences in T1 relaxation at equivalent sacrifice times. One animal was given an oral dose of MnCl2 (620 micromoles/kg) and imaged sequentially (T1 weighted sequence, .12T) for 30 minutes. The NMRD curves for organ tissues show an increase in relaxation efficacy in the 10-20MHz range characteristic of Mn-macromolecular complexes and are similar irrespective of the route of administration. The lack of increased relaxation enhancement for bile in this frequency range reflects cleavage of this complex upon excretion. Decreased overall relaxation in the liver is observed when oral Mn+2 is compared to IV Mn+2 due to the small fraction of administered dose that is absorbed. However, the images document a significant increase in the intensity of liver signal after the oral dose. We suspect this dose may ultimately be adjusted downward to give selective hepatobiliary effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-314
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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