The origin of universal shadow education: What the supplemental education phenomenon tells us about the postmodern institution of education

Izumi Mori, David Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prodigious growth in out-of-school, private educational activities meant to supplement formal schooling is observed worldwide. Why has shadow education expanded, and what does it mean for the future of education in postmodern society? Illustrated by the historical development and recent changes in the Japanese shadow education industry, it is suggested that shadow education follows the institutional logic of formal education. And as this logic has become more homogenized and expansive globally, so have the forms and goals of shadow education. Because of its focus on learning and achievement, which are central to formal education, it is predicted that shadow education will be increasingly incorporated into the broader culture of education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-48
Number of pages13
JournalAsia Pacific Education Review
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education

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