The Palermo Swift -BAT hard X-ray catalogue

G. Cusumano, V. La Parola, A. Segreto, C. Ferrigno, A. Maselli, B. Sbarufatti, P. Romano, G. Chincarini, P. Giommi, N. Masetti, A. Moretti, P. Parisi, G. Tagliaferri

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Aims. We present the Second Palermo Swift-BAT hard X-ray catalogue obtained by analysing data acquired in the first 54 months of the Swift mission. Methods. Using our software dedicated to the analysis of data from coded mask telescopes, we analysed the BAT survey data in three energy bands (15-30 keV, 15-70 keV, 15-150 keV), obtaining a list of 1256 detections above a significance threshold of 4.8 standard deviations. The identification of the source counterparts is pursued using two strategies: the analysis of field observations of soft X-ray instruments and cross-correlation of our catalogue with source databases. Results. The survey covers 50% of the sky to a 15-150 keV flux limit of 1.0×10-11erg cm-2 s-1 and 9.2×10-12 erg cm-2 s-1 for |b| < 10° and |b| > 10°, respectively. The Second Palermo Swift-BAT hard X-ray catalogue includes 1079 (∼86%) hard X-ray sources with an associated counterpart (26 with a double association and 2 with a triple association) and 177 BAT excesses (∼14%) that still lack a counterpart. The distribution of the BAT sources among the different object classes consists of ∼19% Galactic sources, ∼57% extragalactic sources, and ∼10% sources with a counterpart at softer energies whose nature has not yet been determined. About half of the BAT associated sources lack a counterpart in the ROSAT catalogues. This suggests that either moderate or strong absorption may be preventing their detection in the ROSAT energy band. The comparison of our BAT catalogue with the Fermi Large Area Telescope First Source Catalogue identifies 59 BAT/Fermi correspondences: 48 blazars, 3 Seyfert galaxies, 1 interacting galaxy, 3 high mass X-ray binaries, and 4 pulsars/supernova remnants. This small number of correspondences indicates that different populations make the sky shine in these two different energy bands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA64
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 24 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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