We present extensive u'g'r'i'BVRIYJHK.. photometry and optical spectroscopy of the Type la supernova (SN) 2005hk. These data reveal that SN 2005hk was nearly identical in its observed properties to SN 2002cx, which has been called "the most peculiar known Type la supernova." Both supernovae exhibited highionization SN 1991T-like premaximum spectra, yet low peak luminosities like that of SN 1991bg. The spectra reveal that SN 2005hk, like SN 2002cx, exhibited expansion velocities that were roughly half those of typical Type la supernovae. The R and / light curves of both supernovae were also peculiar in not displaying the secondary maximum observed for normal Type la supernovae. Our YJH photometry of SN 2005hk reveals the same peculiarity in the near-infrared. By combining our optical and near-infrared photometry of SN 2005hk with published ultraviolet light curves obtained with the Swift satellite, we are able to construct a bolometric light curve from ∼15 days before to ∼60 days after Baximum. The shape and unusually low peak luminosity of this light curve, plus the low expansion velocities and absence of a secondary maximum at red and near-infrared wavelengths, are all in reasonable agreement with model calculations of a three-dimensional deflagration that produces ∼0.2 M Ȯ of 56Ni.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||28|
|Journal||Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science