In this work, a non-reflective boundary condition, the Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) technique, is adapted and implemented in a fluid–structure interaction numerical framework to demonstrate that proper boundary conditions are not only necessary to capture correct wave propagations in a flow field, but also its interacted solid behavior and responses. While most research on the topics of the non-reflective boundary conditions are focused on fluids, little effort has been done in a fluid–structure interaction setting. In this study, the effectiveness of the PML is closely examined in both pure fluid and fluid–structure interaction settings upon incorporating the PML algorithm in a fully-coupled fluid–structure interaction framework, the Immersed Finite Element Method. The performance of the PML boundary condition is evaluated and compared to reference solutions with a variety of benchmark test cases including known and expected solutions of aeroacoustic wave propagation as well as vortex shedding and advection. The application of the PML in numerical simulations of fluid–structure interaction is then investigated to demonstrate the efficacy and necessity of such boundary treatment in order to capture the correct solid deformation and flow field without the requirement of a significantly large computational domain.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Fluids and Structures|
|State||Published - Jan 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering