The physical environment refers to the context or setting in which people spend the majority of their time (Barker, 1968; Lee, McAlexander, & Banda, 2011). Multiple physical environments, such as the home, neighborhood, school, and workplace, can influence physical activity (Craig et al., 2003; Lee & Cubbin, 2009; Lee et al., 2011a, b; Van Cauwenberg et al., 2011). Features found within a physical environment can significantly affect physical activity. These features can be natural, such as lakes, hills, or open meadows, or manmade, such as bike lanes, trails, fields, or gyms (Sallis et al., 2006). The physical environment can influence multiple forms of physical activity, including active transportation, leisure-time physical activity, and household and occupational physical activity (Sallis et al., 2006). Factors within the physical environment, such as sidewalks, bike lanes, street connectivity, and land use, significantly influence active transportation. For example, streets with wider sidewalks and bike lanes can encourage physical activity by providing safe pathways for people to walk or bicycle to work, school, or other nearby destinations. Public media prompts for physical activity, such as signs that encourage the use of stairs and guide pedestrians to stairs as alternatives to elevators or escalators, may positively affect public spaces by increasing awareness and recognition of physical activity opportunities (Andersen, Franckowiak, Snyder, Bartlett, & Fontaine, 1998; Coleman & Gonzalez, 2001; McKinnon, Bowles, & Trowbridge, 2011).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Applied Exercise Psychology|
|Subtitle of host publication||The Challenging Journey from Motivation to Adherence|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes