The position and branching pattern of the facial nerve and their effect on transcutaneous electrical stimulation in the orofacial region

Anne S. McMillan, Nina G. Jablonski, Duncan R. McMillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


A significant proportion (31%) of southern (Hong Kong) Chinese patients who received therapeutic transcutaneous electrical stimulation with the Myo-Monitor experienced uncomfortable twitching of the muscles of facial expression of the upper and middle portions of the face. This can be attributed, at least in part, to anatomic variation in the position and branching pattern of the upper (temporofacial) division of the facial nerve in the sample population. Our observations of living patients support the contention that muscular contraction resulting from Myo-Monitor stimulation is neurally mediated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-541
Number of pages3
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1987


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry(all)

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