Purpose of the Study: Assessing preferences for daily life is the foundation for person-centered care delivery. This study tested a new measure, the Preferences for Everyday Living Inventory (PELI), with a large sample of community-dwelling older adults. We sought to evaluate the tool's convergent and divergent validity, identify the most commonly held preferences within the sample, and explore relationships between gender and race and strength of preferences. Design and Methods: Randomly selected African American and Caucasian home health agency clients (N = 437) were interviewed using the PELI. Respondents self-reported functional ability, physical health, affect, mental health, and five domains of psychosocial preferences. The study examined correlations among descriptive variables and preference items and used logistic regression to estimate relationships between gender and race and 55 PELI items and 10 descriptive covariates. Results: The study found support for the PELI's construct validity, identified seniors' most strongly held preferences across domains, and revealed significant differences in preferences by gender and race. Implications: The PELI captures strongly held personal preferences and shows promise as a practical tool that allows providers to document client preferences and customize care accordingly.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geriatrics and Gerontology