THE PRODUCTION of SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT among SWEDISH and Chinese SECOND LANGUAGE SPEAKERS of ENGLISH

Carrie N. Jackson, Elizabeth Mormer, Laurel Brehm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study uses a sentence completion task with Swedish and Chinese L2 English speakers to investigate how L1 morphosyntax and L2 proficiency influence L2 English subject-verb agreement production. Chinese has limited nominal and verbal number morphology, while Swedish has robust noun phrase (NP) morphology but does not number-mark verbs. Results showed that like L1 English speakers, both L2 groups used grammatical and conceptual number to produce subject-verb agreement. However, only L1 Chinese speakers - and less-proficient speakers in both L2 groups - were similarly influenced by grammatical and conceptual number when producing the subject NP. These findings demonstrate how L2 proficiency, perhaps combined with cross-linguistic differences, influence L2 production and underscore that encoding of noun and verb number are not independent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)907-921
Number of pages15
JournalStudies in Second Language Acquisition
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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