The proteasome-associated protein Ecm29 inhibits proteasomal ATPase activity and in vivo protein degradation by the proteasome

Alina De La Mota-Peynado, Stella Yu Chien Lee, Brianne Marie Pierce, Prashant Wani, Chingakham Ranjit Singh, Jeroen Roelofs

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several proteasome-associated proteins regulate degradation by the 26 S proteasome using the ubiquitin chains that mark most substrates for degradation. The proteasome-associated protein Ecm29, however, has no ubiquitin-binding or modifying activity, and its direct effect on substrate degradation is unclear. Here, we show that Ecm29 acts as a proteasome inhibitor. Besides inhibiting the proteolytic cleavage of peptide substrates in vitro, it inhibits the degradation of ubiquitin-dependent and -independent substrates in vivo. Binding of Ecm29 to the proteasome induces a closed conformation of the substrate entry channel of the core particle. Furthermore, Ecm29 inhibits proteasomal ATPase activity, suggesting that the mechanism of inhibition and gate regulation by Ecm29 is through regulation of the proteasomal ATPases. Consistent with this, we identified through chemical cross-linking that Ecm29 binds to, or in close proximity to, the proteasomal ATPase subunit Rpt5. Additionally, we show that Ecm29 preferentially associates with both mutant and nucleotide depleted proteasomes. We propose that the inhibitory ability of Ecm29 is important for its function as a proteasome quality control factor by ensuring that aberrant proteasomes recognized by Ecm29 are inactive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29467-29481
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume288
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 11 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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