THE PTF orion project: A possible planet transiting a T-Tauri star

Julian C. Van Eyken, David R. Ciardi, Kaspar Von Braun, Stephen R. Kane, Peter Plavchan, Chad F. Bender, Timothy M. Brown, Justin R. Crepp, Benjamin J. Fulton, Andrew W. Howard, Steve B. Howell, Suvrath Mahadevan, Geoffrey W. Marcy, Avi Shporer, Paula Szkody, Rachel L. Akeson, Charles A. Beichman, Andrew F. Boden, Dawn M. Gelino, D. W. HoardSolange V. Ramírez, Luisa M. Rebull, John R. Stauffer, Joshua S. Bloom, S. Bradley Cenko, Mansi M. Kasliwal, Shrinivas R. Kulkarni, Nicholas M. Law, Peter E. Nugent, Eran O. Ofek, Dovi Poznanski, Robert M. Quimby, Richard Walters, Carl J. Grillmair, Russ Laher, David B. Levitan, Branimir Sesar, Jason A. Surace

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Abstract

We report observations of a possible young transiting planet orbiting a previously known weak-lined T-Tauri star in the 7-10 Myr old Orion-OB1a/25-Ori region. The candidate was found as part of the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) Orion project. It has a photometric transit period of 0.448413 ± 0.000040 days, and appears in both 2009 and 2010 PTF data. Follow-up low-precision radial velocity (RV) observations and adaptive optics imaging suggest that the star is not an eclipsing binary, and that it is unlikely that a background source is blended with the target and mimicking the observed transit. RV observations with the Hobby-Eberly and Keck telescopes yield an RV that has the same period as the photometric event, but is offset in phase from the transit center by - 0.22 periods. The amplitude (half range) of the RV variations is 2.4 km s-1 and is comparable with the expected RV amplitude that stellar spots could induce. The RV curve is likely dominated by stellar spot modulation and provides an upper limit to the projected companion mass of M psin i orb ≲ 4.8 ± 1.2 M Jup; when combined with the orbital inclination, i orb, of the candidate planet from modeling of the transit light curve, we find an upper limit on the mass of the planetary candidate of M p ≲ 5.5 ± 1.4 M Jup. This limit implies that the planet is orbiting close to, if not inside, its Roche limiting orbital radius, so that it may be undergoing active mass loss and evaporation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number42
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume755
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Van Eyken, J. C., Ciardi, D. R., Von Braun, K., Kane, S. R., Plavchan, P., Bender, C. F., Brown, T. M., Crepp, J. R., Fulton, B. J., Howard, A. W., Howell, S. B., Mahadevan, S., Marcy, G. W., Shporer, A., Szkody, P., Akeson, R. L., Beichman, C. A., Boden, A. F., Gelino, D. M., ... Surace, J. A. (2012). THE PTF orion project: A possible planet transiting a T-Tauri star. Astrophysical Journal, 755(1), [42]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/755/1/42