The interdependence of collective memory and national identification has become a widespread scholarly axiom. While the related literature recognizes the role of memories of victimization and heroic victories, this article illustrates the importance of a 'semiotic balance' between these two for the maintenance of national identification. The study is based on an individual-centered quantitative method, which has never been used to investigate the national identity-memory nexus before. Using a survey with a representative sample (N = 530) of the Palestinian citizens of Israel, the association between individuals' memories and national identification is examined. It was found that remembering a combination of victory and victimization is a better predictor of national identification than either theme separately. These findings indicate the crucial importance of a balanced mythical structure that includes both themes of victimization and triumph.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sociology and Political Science