The radio-X-ray relation as a star formation indicator: Results from the Very Large Array-Extended Chandra Deep Field-South

S. Vattakunnel, P. Tozzi, F. Matteucci, P. Padovani, N. Miller, M. Bonzini, V. Mainieri, M. Paolillo, L. Vincoletto, W. N. Brandt, B. Luo, K. I. Kellermann, Y. Q. Xue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


In order to trace the instantaneous star formation rate (SFR) at high redshift, and thus help in understanding the relation between the different emission mechanisms related to star formation, we combine the recent 4-Ms Chandra X-ray data and the deep Very Large Array radio data in the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South region. We find 268 sources detected both in the X-ray and radio bands. The availability of redshifts for ∼95per cent of the sources in our sample allows us to derive reliable luminosity estimates and the intrinsic properties from X-ray analysis for the majority of the objects. With the aim of selecting sources powered by star formation in both bands, we adopt classification criteria based on X-ray and radio data, exploiting the X-ray spectral features and time variability, taking advantage of observations scattered across more than 10 years. We identify 43 objects consistent with being powered by star formation. We also add another 111 and 70 star-forming candidates detected only in the radio and X-ray bands, respectively. We find a clear linear correlation between radio and X-ray luminosity in star-forming galaxies over three orders of magnitude and up to z∼ 1.5. We also measure a significant scatter of the order of 0.4dex, higher than that observed at low redshift, implying an intrinsic scatter component. The correlation is consistent with that measured locally, and no evolution with redshift is observed. Using a locally calibrated relation between the SFR and the radio luminosity, we investigate the L X(2-10keV)-SFR relation at high redshift. The comparison of the SFR measured in our sample with some theoretical models for the Milky Way and M31, two typical spiral galaxies, indicates that, with current data, we can trace typical spirals only at z≤ 0.2, and strong starburst galaxies with SFRs as high as ∼100M yr -1, up to z∼ 1.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2190-2208
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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