The regulation of positive affect: Gaze aversion activity during mother-infant interaction

Cynthia Stifter, Deborah Moyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine two aspects of gaze aversion activity in young infants: (a) at what level of positive affect infants employ gaze aversion, and (b) the relationship between maternal activity and gaze aversion activity. Sixty 5-month-old infants were videotaped while participating in a peek-a-boo was coded from the videotapes. Results revealed infant smiles of high intensity were associated with more frequent and longer gaze aversions. Moreover, the intensities of smiles to which infants averted their gaze were greater than those smiles to which infants did not change their gaze behavior. These same relationships were found for smile durations. Finally, moderate maternal activity level during peek-a-boo elicited the most gaze aversion activity following a smile. The functional significance of gaze aversion to increases in positive affect is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-123
Number of pages13
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Fingerprint

Mother-Child Relations
Mothers
Videotape Recording

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

@article{f356da70949e4913abe32f9f445c2cf2,
title = "The regulation of positive affect: Gaze aversion activity during mother-infant interaction",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to examine two aspects of gaze aversion activity in young infants: (a) at what level of positive affect infants employ gaze aversion, and (b) the relationship between maternal activity and gaze aversion activity. Sixty 5-month-old infants were videotaped while participating in a peek-a-boo was coded from the videotapes. Results revealed infant smiles of high intensity were associated with more frequent and longer gaze aversions. Moreover, the intensities of smiles to which infants averted their gaze were greater than those smiles to which infants did not change their gaze behavior. These same relationships were found for smile durations. Finally, moderate maternal activity level during peek-a-boo elicited the most gaze aversion activity following a smile. The functional significance of gaze aversion to increases in positive affect is discussed.",
author = "Cynthia Stifter and Deborah Moyer",
year = "1991",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0163-6383(91)90058-Z",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "111--123",
journal = "Infant Behavior and Development",
issn = "0163-6383",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "1",

}

The regulation of positive affect : Gaze aversion activity during mother-infant interaction. / Stifter, Cynthia; Moyer, Deborah.

In: Infant Behavior and Development, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.01.1991, p. 111-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The regulation of positive affect

T2 - Gaze aversion activity during mother-infant interaction

AU - Stifter, Cynthia

AU - Moyer, Deborah

PY - 1991/1/1

Y1 - 1991/1/1

N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine two aspects of gaze aversion activity in young infants: (a) at what level of positive affect infants employ gaze aversion, and (b) the relationship between maternal activity and gaze aversion activity. Sixty 5-month-old infants were videotaped while participating in a peek-a-boo was coded from the videotapes. Results revealed infant smiles of high intensity were associated with more frequent and longer gaze aversions. Moreover, the intensities of smiles to which infants averted their gaze were greater than those smiles to which infants did not change their gaze behavior. These same relationships were found for smile durations. Finally, moderate maternal activity level during peek-a-boo elicited the most gaze aversion activity following a smile. The functional significance of gaze aversion to increases in positive affect is discussed.

AB - The purpose of this study was to examine two aspects of gaze aversion activity in young infants: (a) at what level of positive affect infants employ gaze aversion, and (b) the relationship between maternal activity and gaze aversion activity. Sixty 5-month-old infants were videotaped while participating in a peek-a-boo was coded from the videotapes. Results revealed infant smiles of high intensity were associated with more frequent and longer gaze aversions. Moreover, the intensities of smiles to which infants averted their gaze were greater than those smiles to which infants did not change their gaze behavior. These same relationships were found for smile durations. Finally, moderate maternal activity level during peek-a-boo elicited the most gaze aversion activity following a smile. The functional significance of gaze aversion to increases in positive affect is discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001506013&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001506013&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0163-6383(91)90058-Z

DO - 10.1016/0163-6383(91)90058-Z

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001506013

VL - 14

SP - 111

EP - 123

JO - Infant Behavior and Development

JF - Infant Behavior and Development

SN - 0163-6383

IS - 1

ER -