The relation of age, gender, ethnicity, and risk behaviors to self-esteem among students in nonmainstream schools

Jennifer M. Connor, Senel Poyrazli, Laura Ferrer-Wreder, Kamini Grahame

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This cross-sectional study investigated self-esteem in relation to age, gender, ethnicity, and risk behaviors among a sample of nonmainstream students. Participants were 149 students in the 6th to 12th grades from two nonmain-stream schools (one charter and one alternative school). Self-esteem and youth risk behaviors were determined by using a modified version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and the National Alternative High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey (Grunbaum et al., 1999), respectively. Results indicated that nonmainstream students with high self-esteem were more likely to engage in their first sexual experience and to begin marijuana use later in life. African American students reported having their first sexual experience at an older age, but having more sexual partners than did Latino students. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-473
Number of pages17
JournalAdolescence
Volume39
Issue number155
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Fingerprint

Interpersonal Relations
Risk-Taking
risk behavior
Self Concept
self-esteem
ethnicity
Students
gender
school
student
alternative school
Sexual Partners
Cannabis
charter
Hispanic Americans
cross-sectional study
African Americans
experience
Cross-Sectional Studies
school grade

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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The relation of age, gender, ethnicity, and risk behaviors to self-esteem among students in nonmainstream schools. / Connor, Jennifer M.; Poyrazli, Senel; Ferrer-Wreder, Laura; Grahame, Kamini.

In: Adolescence, Vol. 39, No. 155, 01.09.2004, p. 457-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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