The relationship between tropical easterly waves and surges over the Gulf of California during the North American monsoon

Ryan D. Fuller, David J. Stensrud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coastally trapped disturbances, which occur over the gulf California and are commonly reffered to as gulf surges, are an important mechanism in the transport of low-level moisture into the southwestern United States. To determine whether or not gulf surges develop in association with the passage of tropical easterly waves, as hypothesized in previous studies, standard surface observations and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts reanalysis data during the months of July and August over a 14-yr period are examined. Results indicate that tropical easterly wave troughs often cross western Mexico 1-3 days prior to surge onset at Yuma, Arizona, indicating a strong correlation between these two events. This analysis documents yet another mechanism by which the Tropics influences convection in the midlatitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2983-2989
Number of pages7
JournalMonthly Weather Review
Volume128
Issue number8 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

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