The relationship between weight stigma, weight bias internalization, and physical health in military personnel with or at high-risk of overweight/obesity

Lisa M. Shank, Natasha A. Schvey, Kendra Ekundayo, Deanna Schreiber-Gregory, Dawn Bates, Douglas Maurer, Elena Spieker, Mark Stephens, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Tracy Sbrocco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Perceived weight stigma is associated with adverse health indices, such as elevated cortisol, lipid/glucose dysregulation, and poorer self-rated health. This relationship may be particularly relevant for military personnel, given the cultural emphasis on fitness and weight/shape. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between weight stigma and physical health in 117 active duty personnel (66.7% male; 56.4% non-Hispanic White; age: 30.8 ± 7.4 years; BMI: 29.5 ± 2.5 kg/m 2 ). Participants reported weight stigma (general and military-specific), weight bias internalization, and the presence (≥1; n = 55) or absence (n = 62) of medical conditions. Logistic regressions were conducted examining the ability of weight stigma (general or military-specific) and weight bias internalization to predict the presence or absence of medical conditions. General weight stigma was not significantly associated with the presence of a medical condition (p >.05). However, individuals with military-specific weight stigma scores twice that of their peers were over three times more likely (p =.04) to report a medical condition. Weight bias internalization was not significant in any model (ps >.20). Longitudinal studies should prospectively examine the relationship between weight stigma in the military setting and health among service members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
JournalBody Image
Volume28
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

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Military Personnel
Obesity
Weights and Measures
Health
Health Services
Longitudinal Studies
Hydrocortisone
Logistic Models
Lipids
Glucose

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Shank, Lisa M. ; Schvey, Natasha A. ; Ekundayo, Kendra ; Schreiber-Gregory, Deanna ; Bates, Dawn ; Maurer, Douglas ; Spieker, Elena ; Stephens, Mark ; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian ; Sbrocco, Tracy. / The relationship between weight stigma, weight bias internalization, and physical health in military personnel with or at high-risk of overweight/obesity. In: Body Image. 2019 ; Vol. 28. pp. 25-33.
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Shank, LM, Schvey, NA, Ekundayo, K, Schreiber-Gregory, D, Bates, D, Maurer, D, Spieker, E, Stephens, M, Tanofsky-Kraff, M & Sbrocco, T 2019, 'The relationship between weight stigma, weight bias internalization, and physical health in military personnel with or at high-risk of overweight/obesity', Body Image, vol. 28, pp. 25-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.11.003

The relationship between weight stigma, weight bias internalization, and physical health in military personnel with or at high-risk of overweight/obesity. / Shank, Lisa M.; Schvey, Natasha A.; Ekundayo, Kendra; Schreiber-Gregory, Deanna; Bates, Dawn; Maurer, Douglas; Spieker, Elena; Stephens, Mark; Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy.

In: Body Image, Vol. 28, 01.03.2019, p. 25-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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