The relationship of blood alcohol concentration to impairment severity in spinal cord injury

Martin Forchheimer, Rebecca M. Cunningham, David R. Gater, Ronald F. Maio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the relationship between blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and severity of neurological impairment. Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Participants: Subjects with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI; N = 119) with dates of injury between 1991 and 2000 who received their acute treatment at a midwestern Model SCI Care System and for whom information regarding BAC was available. Analysis: Main outcome measure: severity of neurological impairment. Data were analyzed using χ2 tests and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: A significant association was observed between impairment severity and BAC. Conclusions: The study suggests that alcohol consumption is associated with severity of SCI. A more rigorous study controlling for trauma attributes is necessary to confirm these results and appraise whether alcohol has a potentiating effect on impairment. If borne out, the study's findings may lead to alterations in emergency room procedures and to changes in public health and education efforts resulting from a reframing of the issue of safe consumption of alcohol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-307
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

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Spinal Cord Injuries
Alcohol Drinking
Wounds and Injuries
Health Education
Information Systems
Hospital Emergency Service
Analysis of Variance
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Alcohols
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Blood Alcohol Content

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Forchheimer, Martin ; Cunningham, Rebecca M. ; Gater, David R. ; Maio, Ronald F. / The relationship of blood alcohol concentration to impairment severity in spinal cord injury. In: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 303-307.
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The relationship of blood alcohol concentration to impairment severity in spinal cord injury. / Forchheimer, Martin; Cunningham, Rebecca M.; Gater, David R.; Maio, Ronald F.

In: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, Vol. 28, No. 4, 01.01.2005, p. 303-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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