The relationship of momentary anger and impulsivity to bulimic behavior

Scott G. Engel, Justin J. Boseck, Ross D. Crosby, Stephen A. Wonderlich, James E. Mitchell, Joshua Morrison Smyth, Raymond Miltenberger, Howard Steiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Past research has suggested that negative affect may be a causal factor for eating disordered behaviors. More specifically, research has shown that anger appears to be one aspect of negative affect that is particularly relevant in bulimic patients. Previous studies have also shown that the relationship between negative affect and eating disordered behaviors may partially depend upon personality variables such as impulsivity. The present study examined whether the relationship between anger and eating disordered behaviors is moderated by impulsivity. Subjects completed an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) protocol for an average of 2 weeks. Findings revealed that overall antecedent anger level and the variability of antecedent anger predicted binge-eating episodes and that these relationships were moderated by participants' level of impulsivity. These findings suggest that personality variables impact the way that anger and eating behaviors relate. They also suggest that the variability of antecedent anger may be a fruitful avenue for future research for those interested in causal variables associated with bulimia nervosa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-447
Number of pages11
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The relationship of momentary anger and impulsivity to bulimic behavior'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Engel, S. G., Boseck, J. J., Crosby, R. D., Wonderlich, S. A., Mitchell, J. E., Smyth, J. M., Miltenberger, R., & Steiger, H. (2007). The relationship of momentary anger and impulsivity to bulimic behavior. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45(3), 437-447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2006.03.014