The relationships among health behaviors in older persons

Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Yogev Kivity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationships among health behaviors in older persons and whether they form related groups of behaviors. Method: Health behaviors (physical activity, alcohol use, nutrition, weight stability, and smoking) were analyzed using factor analysis in two representative samples of two cohorts of Israeli older persons aged 75 to 94. Data collection was conducted during 1989-1992 for the first cohort (N = 1,200) and during 2000-2002 for the second (N = 421). Results: Four factors of health behaviors were found mostly unrelated: (a) physical activity and weight stability, (b) alcohol use, (c) smoking, and (d) nutrition. Discussion: The analysis enables identification of underlying health-behavior dimensions in an understudied population. Furthermore, the findings have important implications for health-promotion policy, indicating that prevention and health-promotion programs for older persons should target each health behavior, and not assume that the practice of any health behavior implies a healthy overall lifestyle in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)822-842
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Fingerprint

Health Behavior
health behavior
Health Promotion
health promotion
Smoking
nutrition
Alcohols
smoking
Weights and Measures
alcohol
Health Policy
Population
Statistical Factor Analysis
Israeli
factor analysis
Health
Group

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Gerontology
  • Community and Home Care
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska ; Kivity, Yogev. / The relationships among health behaviors in older persons. In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2011 ; Vol. 23, No. 5. pp. 822-842.
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The relationships among health behaviors in older persons. / Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska; Kivity, Yogev.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 23, No. 5, 01.08.2011, p. 822-842.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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