The growth patterns of plants subjected to phosphorus starvation resemble those caused by treatment with ABA, suggesting that ABA could mediate the response of the plant to phosphorus starvation. We examined the role of ABA in phosphorus stress by comparing growth and biochemical responses of Arabidopsis thaliana ABA mutants aba-1 and abi2-1 to those of wild-type plants. We first characterized acid phosphatase production of wild-type Arabidopsis in response to phosphorus starvation. We found that several acid phosphatase isozymes are present in roots and shoots, but only a subset of these isozymes are induced by phosphorus stress, and they are induced in both organs. Production of acid phosphatase in response to phosphorus stress was not affected by the aba-1 or abi2-1 mutations. Low phosphorus also resulted in decreased growth of both wild-type and ABA mutant plants, and the root-to-shoot ratio was increased in both wild type and mutants. Anthocyanins accumulated in response to phosphorus stress in both wild-type and mutant plants, but the increase was reduced in the aba-1 mutant. Thus, two different ABA mutants responded normally in most respects to phosphorus stress. Our data do not support a major role for ABA in coordinating the phosphorus-stress response.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science