In this paper, the Riemann solutions of a reduced 6×6 blood flow model in medium-sized to large vessels are constructed. The model is nonstrictly hyperbolic and non-conservative in nature, which brings two difficulties of the Riemann problem. One is the appearance of resonance while the other one is loss of uniqueness. The elementary waves include shock wave, rarefaction wave, contact discontinuity and stationary wave. The stationary wave is obtained by solving a steady equation. We construct the Riemann solutions especially when the steady equation has no solution for supersonic initial data. We also verify that the global entropy condition proposed by C.Dafermos can be used here to select the physical relevant solution. The Riemann solutions may contribute to the design of numerical schemes, which can apply to the complex blood flows.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)