The role of numerical simulation in the design of stimulation and circulation experiments for the EGS Collab project

Mark White, Pengcheng Fu, Hai Huang, Ahmad Ghassemi, T. Kneafsey, D. Blankenship, J. Ajo-Franklin, S. J. Bauer, T. Baumgartner, A. Bonneville, L. Boyd, S. T. Brown, J. A. Burghardt, S. A. Carroll, T. Chen, C. Condon, P. J. Cook, P. F. Dobson, T. Doe, C. A. DoughtyD. Elsworth, L. P. Frash, Z. Frone, P. Fu, A. Ghassemi, H. Gudmundsdottir, Y. Guglielmi, G. Guthrie, B. Haimson, J. Heise, C. G. Herrick, M. Horn, R. N. Horne, M. Hu, H. Huang, L. Huang, T. C. Johnson, B. Johnston, S. Karra, K. Kim, D. K. King, H. Knox, D. Kumar, M. Lee, K. Li, M. Maceira, N. Makedonska, C. Marone, E. Mattson, M. W. McClure, J. McLennan, T. McLing, R. J. Mellors, E. Metcalfe, J. Miskimins, J. P. Morris, S. Nakagawa, G. Neupane, G. Newman, A. Nieto, C. M. Oldenburg, R. Pawar, P. Petrov, B. Pietzyk, R. Podgorney, Y. Polsky, S. Porse, B. Roggenthen, J. Rutqvist, H. Santos-Villalobos, P. Schwering, V. Sesetty, A. Singh, M. M. Smith, N. Snyder, H. Sone, E. L. Sonnenthal, N. Spycher, C. E. Strickland, J. Su, A. Suzuki, C. Ulrich, N. Uzunlar, C. A. Valladao, W. Vandermeer, D. Vardiman, V. R. Vermeul, J. L. Wagoner, H. F. Wang, J. Weers, J. White, M. D. White, P. Winterfeld, Y. S. Wu, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, J. Zhou, Q. Zhou, M. D. Zoback

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The United States Department of Energy, Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is funding a collaborative investigation of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) processes at the meso-scale. This study, referred to as the EGS Collab project, is a unique opportunity for scientists and engineers to investigate the creation of fracture networks and circulation of fluids across those networks under in-situ stress conditions. The EGS Collab project is envisioned to comprise three experiments and the site for the first experiment is on the 4850 Level in phyllite of the Precambrian Poorman formation, at the Sanford Underground Research Facility, located at the former Homestake Gold Mine, in Lead, South Dakota. Principal objectives of the project are to develop a number of intermediate-scale field sites and to conduct well-controlled in situ experiments focused on rock fracture behavior and permeability enhancement. Data generated during these experiments will be compared against predictions of a suite of computer codes specifically designed to solve problems involving coupled thermal, hydrological, geomechanical, and geochemical processes. Comparisons between experimental and numerical simulation results will provide code developers with direction for improvements and verification of process models, build confidence in the suite of available numerical tools, and ultimately identify critical future development needs for the geothermal modeling community. Moreover, conducting thorough comparisons of models, modelling approaches, measurement approaches and measured data, via the EGS Collab project, will serve to identify techniques that are most likely to succeed at the Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE), the GTO's flagship EGS research effort. As noted, outcomes from the EGS Collab project experiments will serve as benchmarks for computer code verification, but numerical simulation additional plays an essential role in designing these meso-scale experiments. This paper describes specific calculations and numerical simulation approaches conducted in support of the designs for the stimulation and circulation experiments, and their monitoring, including those for predicting seismic energies during stimulation, stimulation pressure requirements, impacts of borehole orientation on fracture development and trajectories, influence of notch shapes on hydraulic fracture initiation, and pressure limits on fluid circulation to avoid fracture growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeothermal Energy
Subtitle of host publicationPower To Do More - Geothermal Resources Council 2017 Annual Meeting, GRC 2017
PublisherGeothermal Resources Council
Pages967-984
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)0934412227
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
EventGeothermal Resources Council 41st Annual Meeting - Geothermal Energy: Power To Do More, GRC 2017 - Salt Lake City, United States
Duration: Oct 1 2017Oct 4 2017

Publication series

NameTransactions - Geothermal Resources Council
Volume41
ISSN (Print)0193-5933

Other

OtherGeothermal Resources Council 41st Annual Meeting - Geothermal Energy: Power To Do More, GRC 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySalt Lake City
Period10/1/1710/4/17

Fingerprint

stimulation
Computer simulation
simulation
experiment
Experiments
Geothermal energy
geothermal technology
geothermal energy
computer programs
seismic energy
research facilities
fluids
photographic developers
notches
boreholes
fracture initiation
hydraulics
engineers
Gold mines
phyllite

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

White, M., Fu, P., Huang, H., Ghassemi, A., Kneafsey, T., Blankenship, D., ... Zoback, M. D. (2017). The role of numerical simulation in the design of stimulation and circulation experiments for the EGS Collab project. In Geothermal Energy: Power To Do More - Geothermal Resources Council 2017 Annual Meeting, GRC 2017 (pp. 967-984). (Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council; Vol. 41). Geothermal Resources Council.
White, Mark ; Fu, Pengcheng ; Huang, Hai ; Ghassemi, Ahmad ; Kneafsey, T. ; Blankenship, D. ; Ajo-Franklin, J. ; Bauer, S. J. ; Baumgartner, T. ; Bonneville, A. ; Boyd, L. ; Brown, S. T. ; Burghardt, J. A. ; Carroll, S. A. ; Chen, T. ; Condon, C. ; Cook, P. J. ; Dobson, P. F. ; Doe, T. ; Doughty, C. A. ; Elsworth, D. ; Frash, L. P. ; Frone, Z. ; Fu, P. ; Ghassemi, A. ; Gudmundsdottir, H. ; Guglielmi, Y. ; Guthrie, G. ; Haimson, B. ; Heise, J. ; Herrick, C. G. ; Horn, M. ; Horne, R. N. ; Hu, M. ; Huang, H. ; Huang, L. ; Johnson, T. C. ; Johnston, B. ; Karra, S. ; Kim, K. ; King, D. K. ; Knox, H. ; Kumar, D. ; Lee, M. ; Li, K. ; Maceira, M. ; Makedonska, N. ; Marone, C. ; Mattson, E. ; McClure, M. W. ; McLennan, J. ; McLing, T. ; Mellors, R. J. ; Metcalfe, E. ; Miskimins, J. ; Morris, J. P. ; Nakagawa, S. ; Neupane, G. ; Newman, G. ; Nieto, A. ; Oldenburg, C. M. ; Pawar, R. ; Petrov, P. ; Pietzyk, B. ; Podgorney, R. ; Polsky, Y. ; Porse, S. ; Roggenthen, B. ; Rutqvist, J. ; Santos-Villalobos, H. ; Schwering, P. ; Sesetty, V. ; Singh, A. ; Smith, M. M. ; Snyder, N. ; Sone, H. ; Sonnenthal, E. L. ; Spycher, N. ; Strickland, C. E. ; Su, J. ; Suzuki, A. ; Ulrich, C. ; Uzunlar, N. ; Valladao, C. A. ; Vandermeer, W. ; Vardiman, D. ; Vermeul, V. R. ; Wagoner, J. L. ; Wang, H. F. ; Weers, J. ; White, J. ; White, M. D. ; Winterfeld, P. ; Wu, Y. S. ; Wu, Y. ; Zhang, Y. ; Zhang, Y. Q. ; Zhou, J. ; Zhou, Q. ; Zoback, M. D. / The role of numerical simulation in the design of stimulation and circulation experiments for the EGS Collab project. Geothermal Energy: Power To Do More - Geothermal Resources Council 2017 Annual Meeting, GRC 2017. Geothermal Resources Council, 2017. pp. 967-984 (Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council).
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title = "The role of numerical simulation in the design of stimulation and circulation experiments for the EGS Collab project",
abstract = "The United States Department of Energy, Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is funding a collaborative investigation of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) processes at the meso-scale. This study, referred to as the EGS Collab project, is a unique opportunity for scientists and engineers to investigate the creation of fracture networks and circulation of fluids across those networks under in-situ stress conditions. The EGS Collab project is envisioned to comprise three experiments and the site for the first experiment is on the 4850 Level in phyllite of the Precambrian Poorman formation, at the Sanford Underground Research Facility, located at the former Homestake Gold Mine, in Lead, South Dakota. Principal objectives of the project are to develop a number of intermediate-scale field sites and to conduct well-controlled in situ experiments focused on rock fracture behavior and permeability enhancement. Data generated during these experiments will be compared against predictions of a suite of computer codes specifically designed to solve problems involving coupled thermal, hydrological, geomechanical, and geochemical processes. Comparisons between experimental and numerical simulation results will provide code developers with direction for improvements and verification of process models, build confidence in the suite of available numerical tools, and ultimately identify critical future development needs for the geothermal modeling community. Moreover, conducting thorough comparisons of models, modelling approaches, measurement approaches and measured data, via the EGS Collab project, will serve to identify techniques that are most likely to succeed at the Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE), the GTO's flagship EGS research effort. As noted, outcomes from the EGS Collab project experiments will serve as benchmarks for computer code verification, but numerical simulation additional plays an essential role in designing these meso-scale experiments. This paper describes specific calculations and numerical simulation approaches conducted in support of the designs for the stimulation and circulation experiments, and their monitoring, including those for predicting seismic energies during stimulation, stimulation pressure requirements, impacts of borehole orientation on fracture development and trajectories, influence of notch shapes on hydraulic fracture initiation, and pressure limits on fluid circulation to avoid fracture growth.",
author = "Mark White and Pengcheng Fu and Hai Huang and Ahmad Ghassemi and T. Kneafsey and D. Blankenship and J. Ajo-Franklin and Bauer, {S. J.} and T. Baumgartner and A. Bonneville and L. Boyd and Brown, {S. T.} and Burghardt, {J. A.} and Carroll, {S. A.} and T. Chen and C. Condon and Cook, {P. J.} and Dobson, {P. F.} and T. Doe and Doughty, {C. A.} and D. Elsworth and Frash, {L. P.} and Z. Frone and P. Fu and A. Ghassemi and H. Gudmundsdottir and Y. Guglielmi and G. Guthrie and B. Haimson and J. Heise and Herrick, {C. G.} and M. Horn and Horne, {R. N.} and M. Hu and H. Huang and L. Huang and Johnson, {T. C.} and B. Johnston and S. Karra and K. Kim and King, {D. K.} and H. Knox and D. Kumar and M. Lee and K. Li and M. Maceira and N. Makedonska and C. Marone and E. Mattson and McClure, {M. W.} and J. McLennan and T. McLing and Mellors, {R. J.} and E. Metcalfe and J. Miskimins and Morris, {J. P.} and S. Nakagawa and G. Neupane and G. Newman and A. Nieto and Oldenburg, {C. M.} and R. Pawar and P. Petrov and B. Pietzyk and R. Podgorney and Y. Polsky and S. Porse and B. Roggenthen and J. Rutqvist and H. Santos-Villalobos and P. Schwering and V. Sesetty and A. Singh and Smith, {M. M.} and N. Snyder and H. Sone and Sonnenthal, {E. L.} and N. Spycher and Strickland, {C. E.} and J. Su and A. Suzuki and C. Ulrich and N. Uzunlar and Valladao, {C. A.} and W. Vandermeer and D. Vardiman and Vermeul, {V. R.} and Wagoner, {J. L.} and Wang, {H. F.} and J. Weers and J. White and White, {M. D.} and P. Winterfeld and Wu, {Y. S.} and Y. Wu and Y. Zhang and Zhang, {Y. Q.} and J. Zhou and Q. Zhou and Zoback, {M. D.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
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language = "English (US)",
series = "Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council",
publisher = "Geothermal Resources Council",
pages = "967--984",
booktitle = "Geothermal Energy",
address = "United States",

}

White, M, Fu, P, Huang, H, Ghassemi, A, Kneafsey, T, Blankenship, D, Ajo-Franklin, J, Bauer, SJ, Baumgartner, T, Bonneville, A, Boyd, L, Brown, ST, Burghardt, JA, Carroll, SA, Chen, T, Condon, C, Cook, PJ, Dobson, PF, Doe, T, Doughty, CA, Elsworth, D, Frash, LP, Frone, Z, Fu, P, Ghassemi, A, Gudmundsdottir, H, Guglielmi, Y, Guthrie, G, Haimson, B, Heise, J, Herrick, CG, Horn, M, Horne, RN, Hu, M, Huang, H, Huang, L, Johnson, TC, Johnston, B, Karra, S, Kim, K, King, DK, Knox, H, Kumar, D, Lee, M, Li, K, Maceira, M, Makedonska, N, Marone, C, Mattson, E, McClure, MW, McLennan, J, McLing, T, Mellors, RJ, Metcalfe, E, Miskimins, J, Morris, JP, Nakagawa, S, Neupane, G, Newman, G, Nieto, A, Oldenburg, CM, Pawar, R, Petrov, P, Pietzyk, B, Podgorney, R, Polsky, Y, Porse, S, Roggenthen, B, Rutqvist, J, Santos-Villalobos, H, Schwering, P, Sesetty, V, Singh, A, Smith, MM, Snyder, N, Sone, H, Sonnenthal, EL, Spycher, N, Strickland, CE, Su, J, Suzuki, A, Ulrich, C, Uzunlar, N, Valladao, CA, Vandermeer, W, Vardiman, D, Vermeul, VR, Wagoner, JL, Wang, HF, Weers, J, White, J, White, MD, Winterfeld, P, Wu, YS, Wu, Y, Zhang, Y, Zhang, YQ, Zhou, J, Zhou, Q & Zoback, MD 2017, The role of numerical simulation in the design of stimulation and circulation experiments for the EGS Collab project. in Geothermal Energy: Power To Do More - Geothermal Resources Council 2017 Annual Meeting, GRC 2017. Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council, vol. 41, Geothermal Resources Council, pp. 967-984, Geothermal Resources Council 41st Annual Meeting - Geothermal Energy: Power To Do More, GRC 2017, Salt Lake City, United States, 10/1/17.

The role of numerical simulation in the design of stimulation and circulation experiments for the EGS Collab project. / White, Mark; Fu, Pengcheng; Huang, Hai; Ghassemi, Ahmad; Kneafsey, T.; Blankenship, D.; Ajo-Franklin, J.; Bauer, S. J.; Baumgartner, T.; Bonneville, A.; Boyd, L.; Brown, S. T.; Burghardt, J. A.; Carroll, S. A.; Chen, T.; Condon, C.; Cook, P. J.; Dobson, P. F.; Doe, T.; Doughty, C. A.; Elsworth, D.; Frash, L. P.; Frone, Z.; Fu, P.; Ghassemi, A.; Gudmundsdottir, H.; Guglielmi, Y.; Guthrie, G.; Haimson, B.; Heise, J.; Herrick, C. G.; Horn, M.; Horne, R. N.; Hu, M.; Huang, H.; Huang, L.; Johnson, T. C.; Johnston, B.; Karra, S.; Kim, K.; King, D. K.; Knox, H.; Kumar, D.; Lee, M.; Li, K.; Maceira, M.; Makedonska, N.; Marone, C.; Mattson, E.; McClure, M. W.; McLennan, J.; McLing, T.; Mellors, R. J.; Metcalfe, E.; Miskimins, J.; Morris, J. P.; Nakagawa, S.; Neupane, G.; Newman, G.; Nieto, A.; Oldenburg, C. M.; Pawar, R.; Petrov, P.; Pietzyk, B.; Podgorney, R.; Polsky, Y.; Porse, S.; Roggenthen, B.; Rutqvist, J.; Santos-Villalobos, H.; Schwering, P.; Sesetty, V.; Singh, A.; Smith, M. M.; Snyder, N.; Sone, H.; Sonnenthal, E. L.; Spycher, N.; Strickland, C. E.; Su, J.; Suzuki, A.; Ulrich, C.; Uzunlar, N.; Valladao, C. A.; Vandermeer, W.; Vardiman, D.; Vermeul, V. R.; Wagoner, J. L.; Wang, H. F.; Weers, J.; White, J.; White, M. D.; Winterfeld, P.; Wu, Y. S.; Wu, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. Q.; Zhou, J.; Zhou, Q.; Zoback, M. D.

Geothermal Energy: Power To Do More - Geothermal Resources Council 2017 Annual Meeting, GRC 2017. Geothermal Resources Council, 2017. p. 967-984 (Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council; Vol. 41).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - The role of numerical simulation in the design of stimulation and circulation experiments for the EGS Collab project

AU - White, Mark

AU - Fu, Pengcheng

AU - Huang, Hai

AU - Ghassemi, Ahmad

AU - Kneafsey, T.

AU - Blankenship, D.

AU - Ajo-Franklin, J.

AU - Bauer, S. J.

AU - Baumgartner, T.

AU - Bonneville, A.

AU - Boyd, L.

AU - Brown, S. T.

AU - Burghardt, J. A.

AU - Carroll, S. A.

AU - Chen, T.

AU - Condon, C.

AU - Cook, P. J.

AU - Dobson, P. F.

AU - Doe, T.

AU - Doughty, C. A.

AU - Elsworth, D.

AU - Frash, L. P.

AU - Frone, Z.

AU - Fu, P.

AU - Ghassemi, A.

AU - Gudmundsdottir, H.

AU - Guglielmi, Y.

AU - Guthrie, G.

AU - Haimson, B.

AU - Heise, J.

AU - Herrick, C. G.

AU - Horn, M.

AU - Horne, R. N.

AU - Hu, M.

AU - Huang, H.

AU - Huang, L.

AU - Johnson, T. C.

AU - Johnston, B.

AU - Karra, S.

AU - Kim, K.

AU - King, D. K.

AU - Knox, H.

AU - Kumar, D.

AU - Lee, M.

AU - Li, K.

AU - Maceira, M.

AU - Makedonska, N.

AU - Marone, C.

AU - Mattson, E.

AU - McClure, M. W.

AU - McLennan, J.

AU - McLing, T.

AU - Mellors, R. J.

AU - Metcalfe, E.

AU - Miskimins, J.

AU - Morris, J. P.

AU - Nakagawa, S.

AU - Neupane, G.

AU - Newman, G.

AU - Nieto, A.

AU - Oldenburg, C. M.

AU - Pawar, R.

AU - Petrov, P.

AU - Pietzyk, B.

AU - Podgorney, R.

AU - Polsky, Y.

AU - Porse, S.

AU - Roggenthen, B.

AU - Rutqvist, J.

AU - Santos-Villalobos, H.

AU - Schwering, P.

AU - Sesetty, V.

AU - Singh, A.

AU - Smith, M. M.

AU - Snyder, N.

AU - Sone, H.

AU - Sonnenthal, E. L.

AU - Spycher, N.

AU - Strickland, C. E.

AU - Su, J.

AU - Suzuki, A.

AU - Ulrich, C.

AU - Uzunlar, N.

AU - Valladao, C. A.

AU - Vandermeer, W.

AU - Vardiman, D.

AU - Vermeul, V. R.

AU - Wagoner, J. L.

AU - Wang, H. F.

AU - Weers, J.

AU - White, J.

AU - White, M. D.

AU - Winterfeld, P.

AU - Wu, Y. S.

AU - Wu, Y.

AU - Zhang, Y.

AU - Zhang, Y. Q.

AU - Zhou, J.

AU - Zhou, Q.

AU - Zoback, M. D.

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - The United States Department of Energy, Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is funding a collaborative investigation of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) processes at the meso-scale. This study, referred to as the EGS Collab project, is a unique opportunity for scientists and engineers to investigate the creation of fracture networks and circulation of fluids across those networks under in-situ stress conditions. The EGS Collab project is envisioned to comprise three experiments and the site for the first experiment is on the 4850 Level in phyllite of the Precambrian Poorman formation, at the Sanford Underground Research Facility, located at the former Homestake Gold Mine, in Lead, South Dakota. Principal objectives of the project are to develop a number of intermediate-scale field sites and to conduct well-controlled in situ experiments focused on rock fracture behavior and permeability enhancement. Data generated during these experiments will be compared against predictions of a suite of computer codes specifically designed to solve problems involving coupled thermal, hydrological, geomechanical, and geochemical processes. Comparisons between experimental and numerical simulation results will provide code developers with direction for improvements and verification of process models, build confidence in the suite of available numerical tools, and ultimately identify critical future development needs for the geothermal modeling community. Moreover, conducting thorough comparisons of models, modelling approaches, measurement approaches and measured data, via the EGS Collab project, will serve to identify techniques that are most likely to succeed at the Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE), the GTO's flagship EGS research effort. As noted, outcomes from the EGS Collab project experiments will serve as benchmarks for computer code verification, but numerical simulation additional plays an essential role in designing these meso-scale experiments. This paper describes specific calculations and numerical simulation approaches conducted in support of the designs for the stimulation and circulation experiments, and their monitoring, including those for predicting seismic energies during stimulation, stimulation pressure requirements, impacts of borehole orientation on fracture development and trajectories, influence of notch shapes on hydraulic fracture initiation, and pressure limits on fluid circulation to avoid fracture growth.

AB - The United States Department of Energy, Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is funding a collaborative investigation of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) processes at the meso-scale. This study, referred to as the EGS Collab project, is a unique opportunity for scientists and engineers to investigate the creation of fracture networks and circulation of fluids across those networks under in-situ stress conditions. The EGS Collab project is envisioned to comprise three experiments and the site for the first experiment is on the 4850 Level in phyllite of the Precambrian Poorman formation, at the Sanford Underground Research Facility, located at the former Homestake Gold Mine, in Lead, South Dakota. Principal objectives of the project are to develop a number of intermediate-scale field sites and to conduct well-controlled in situ experiments focused on rock fracture behavior and permeability enhancement. Data generated during these experiments will be compared against predictions of a suite of computer codes specifically designed to solve problems involving coupled thermal, hydrological, geomechanical, and geochemical processes. Comparisons between experimental and numerical simulation results will provide code developers with direction for improvements and verification of process models, build confidence in the suite of available numerical tools, and ultimately identify critical future development needs for the geothermal modeling community. Moreover, conducting thorough comparisons of models, modelling approaches, measurement approaches and measured data, via the EGS Collab project, will serve to identify techniques that are most likely to succeed at the Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy (FORGE), the GTO's flagship EGS research effort. As noted, outcomes from the EGS Collab project experiments will serve as benchmarks for computer code verification, but numerical simulation additional plays an essential role in designing these meso-scale experiments. This paper describes specific calculations and numerical simulation approaches conducted in support of the designs for the stimulation and circulation experiments, and their monitoring, including those for predicting seismic energies during stimulation, stimulation pressure requirements, impacts of borehole orientation on fracture development and trajectories, influence of notch shapes on hydraulic fracture initiation, and pressure limits on fluid circulation to avoid fracture growth.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044670383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85044670383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85044670383

T3 - Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council

SP - 967

EP - 984

BT - Geothermal Energy

PB - Geothermal Resources Council

ER -

White M, Fu P, Huang H, Ghassemi A, Kneafsey T, Blankenship D et al. The role of numerical simulation in the design of stimulation and circulation experiments for the EGS Collab project. In Geothermal Energy: Power To Do More - Geothermal Resources Council 2017 Annual Meeting, GRC 2017. Geothermal Resources Council. 2017. p. 967-984. (Transactions - Geothermal Resources Council).