The role of nutrition in health status after spinal cord injury

Refka E. Khalil, Ashraf S. Gorgey, Milissa Janisko, David R. Dolbow, Jewel R. Moore, David R. Gater

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nutrition is the process in which growth, repair, and maintenance of the body are accomplished by consuming and utilizing food substances. A proper diet must be ingested to ensure the right amount of nutrition is delivered to sustain appropriate physiological mechanisms. Knowledge of the basic constituent of dietary intake is essential for several of health related variables. Poor diet negatively affects overall health which can lead to obesity and can cause many types of diseases including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, etc. Our research group has previously invested in studying the adaptations in body composition following spinal cord injury (SCI) and how regional as well as total adipose tissue distribution may negatively influence the metabolic profile in this population. Little is known about the role of nutrition following SCI and it is unclear how it impacts body composition and the metabolic profile. The purpose of this mini-review is to summarize the available evidence on how macronutrient components (carbohydrate, fat and protein) impact health status after SCI. We hope as an outcome of this work to stimulate further research in this area to expand the knowledge on how to properly design dietary interventions that suit the adaptations following SCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalAging and Disease
Volume4
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cell Biology

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