The role of omega-3 fatty acids in breast cancer prevention

Andrea Manni, Karam El-Bayoumy, Christine G. Skibinski, Henry J. Thompson, Julia Santucci-Pereira, Lucas Tadeu Bidinotto, Jose Russo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preclinical and epidemiological data suggest that omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FA) protect against breast cancer, although controversy still exists in the literature. In view of the heterogeneity of human breast cancer, we believe that n-3FA should be a component of a multi-targeted approach for effective chemoprevention. Preclinical data from our laboratories indicate that n-3FA potentiates the chemopreventive effect of the antiestrogen Tamoxifen based on the complementarity of their mechanisms of antitumor action suggested by our signaling, genomic, and proteomic studies. Because of their anti-estrogenic and anti-infl ammatory properties, n-3FA may be preferentially effective in preventing obesity-related breast cancer. In view of the hyperestrogenic and pro-infl ammatory milieu present systematically and in the mammary glands of obese women, n-3FA may cooperate with weight loss induced by dietary energy restriction in reducing breast cancer risk in these subjects. Evidence-based combinatorial intervention trials targeting appropriately selected populations of women at risk are needed to establish the role of n-3FA in breast cancer prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTrends in Breast Cancer Prevention
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages51-81
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9783319271354
ISBN (Print)9783319271330
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Manni, A., El-Bayoumy, K., Skibinski, C. G., Thompson, H. J., Santucci-Pereira, J., Bidinotto, L. T., & Russo, J. (2016). The role of omega-3 fatty acids in breast cancer prevention. In Trends in Breast Cancer Prevention (pp. 51-81). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27135-4_3